Therapeutic physical training for injuries and diseases of musculoskeletal system

As mentioned above (Chapter 17), the effects on the body excessive external mechanical, thermal, electrical, chemical, and other factors may damage - injuries to organs and tissues. With injuries of musculoskeletal system may damage the structure of soft tissues, bones, joints with dysfunction of movement in the affected area. Damage accompanied by changes in the body that cause both local and General reactions. The most typical local reaction is a violation of local blood (haemorrhage, hyperemia), inflammation. A common reaction is to change the functions of all its systems. The most severe manifestations - shock and collapse. Fixing limbs, reducing motor activity of the patient worse for even mild injuries. Changes the function of the nervous system, and patients may insomnia, increased irritability. Worse functions of the cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive systems; breathing becomes irregular, intestinal peristalsis is deteriorating, violated the metabolic processes. The long absence of movements in the limb leads to a change in the structure of the bone and the deterioration of the joints; muscle atrophy, bone tissue becomes less dense.
As mentioned in the main 20, therapeutic physical culture due to its tonic effect, improves the function of all the major systems of the body. Important therapeutic effects of physical exercises for injuries is their trophic action. Improvement of blood circulation and metabolism during exercise accelerates regeneration of damaged tissues. The use of functional stimuli damaged musculoskeletal system accelerates the restoration of its structure. Such exercises are movements in joints with intraarticular fractures or changes in the joints due to their long immobility, the load on the axis of the bone to accelerate the formation of callus and other Proper application of physical exercises (static muscle tension, ideomotor exercises)without breaking the stillness of the injured extremity prevent muscle atrophy.
During treatment often has to consider the need for compensation. For example, at the turn of the lower extremity exercise are used to strengthen the muscles of the arm and shoulder belt and learning the right to walk with crutches. Therapeutic physical training required for normalization of functions as invalid link musculoskeletal and integral activity of the organism. Gradually increasing the load on the axis of the limb, are able to restore its control function. Special physical exercises restored force of muscles, mobility in joints, difficult coordination motor acts. Normalization of the functions of the body will be complete only if with the help of physical exercises is restored to the overall fitness of the organism, the adaptation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to physical activity.