The physiotherapy exercises)

Therapeutic physical culture (physical therapy) is a method of the treatment, the primary means of which are physical exercises used with the medical and treatment-and-preventive purpose with injuries and various diseases. Physical therapy along with the main task of restoring the disturbed functions) brings up the speed of reaction, force, endurance, agility, coordination, and helps to quickly return to society after the illness. Physical therapy is used in conjunction with a properly organized by the regime in clinical, out-patient, sanatorium-and-Spa practice and at home.
Physical exercises modify the reactivity of the body: primarily affect the Central nervous system, causing changes in the mobility of nervous processes in the cerebral cortex; correct function of the basic systems of the organism (blood circulation, respiration and other), exchange processes; promote their compensation; affect the emotional state of the patient, distracted from thoughts of illness, the sense of courage and confidence.

physical therapy exercises
Fig. 1. Different types of exercises:
1 - passive;
2 - active with shells;
3 - active on the gym wall.
physical therapy exercises in pictures
Fig. 2. Basic exercises to strengthen the muscles of the abdominal wall, in the standing position.

LFC shown at the open and closed fractures, soft-tissue injuries to more rapid healing, education, bone spur, for contractures of different origin, arthritis, spondylitis, spondylosis. Widely used during operations on the abdominal and chest cavities and other (pre - and postoperative therapy) as a means of preventing different postoperative complications (pneumonia, atony bowel adhesions, restrictions of movement in the joints and other) and fight with them. Exercise improves the nourishment of the heart muscle, strengthen its contractile function. Physical therapy is used at the heart diseases in the early stages of heart failure, myocarditis in subacute and chronic period, the infarction, angina, myocardial infarction, hypertension, hypotonic conditions; diseases of limb vessels: occlusive lesions of the arteries, chronic thrombophlebitis and varicosity. Physical therapy indicated for diseases of the lungs (pneumonia, pleurisy, tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, emphysema, pneumosclerosis , and others); of the stomach and intestines (gastritis, colitis, enteritis, enterocolitis), with the omission of the stomach and other internal organs, constipation, ulcers, liver and biliary tract; in diseases of metabolism and endocrine (obesity, gout, diabetes mellitus); diseases of female sexual sphere (chronic inflammatory processes, omission of the walls of the vagina, wrong position of the uterus, disorders of menstrual cycle). Physical therapy is applied in the post and menopausal periods. Physical exercises are widely used in diseases and injuries of Central and peripheral nervous system. LFC shown as a method of rehabilitation therapy at paralyses and paresises, caused by violation of cerebral circulation, with the consequences of diseases of nervous system (the encephalitis, meningitis, polio, polyneuritis, radiculitis, disturbance of vestibular function and neuroses). Physical therapy is widely used in complex treatment of various pathologies in children (rheumatism, diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and other). Especially shown therapy as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent defects and diseases of musculoskeletal apparatus in children (incorrect posture, scoliosis, platypodia , and others).
The main means of physical therapy - complexes of physical exercises is divided into gymnastics, sports and applied (swimming, boating, skiing, skating and other), movable and sports games. They are used in combination with the natural factors of nature (air, water, sun), which are more fully used in the conditions of sanatorium-resort treatment. From the means of most prescribed gymnastic exercises in the form of physiotherapy. In the appointment of a patient self-study at home are given special recommendations on self-control. Gymnastic exercises are classified: (a) for anatomical principle for small muscle groups (hand, foot, facial), medium (the muscles of the neck, hands, legs, muscles of the perineum), large (thigh, abdomen, back); b) by activity (Fig. 1) - passive and active; the latter can be free, lightweight (in water, on a sliding surface, and others), with effort, relaxation, and others; C) species principle - respiratory, preparatory, corrective, throwing, balance, resistance, with shells, crawling, climbing, jumping, jumps, vises and emphasises and other
Gymnastics for children - see Gymnastics for children of early age.



LFC
Fig. 3. Basic exercises to strengthen the muscles of the abdominal wall in the sitting position.
physical therapy exercises

Fig. 4. Basic exercises to strengthen the muscles of the abdominal wall in the prone position.
medical gymnastics for women
Fig. 5. Medical gymnastics gynecological diseases in the prone position on his stomach.

Physical exercises used in the form of General and special training. Tasks of General training: the strengthening of the body, improve the functions of the main systems. Special training aimed at restoration of disturbed functions. For realization of tasks of special trainings are selected those or other group exercise. For example, to strengthen the muscles of the abdomen are exercises in standing, sitting and lying (Fig. 2 - 4); to improve circulation in the pelvic area lying on stomach (Fig. 5).
The effectiveness of exercise therapy is long-term, systematic, regular classes, with a gradual increase of the load in each procedure, and throughout the course of treatment; consideration of individual peculiarities of the patient: age, occupation, physical activity, peculiarities of the course of disease. Physical therapy is applied in the form of procedure of medical gymnastics - individually or in groups (in the chamber, the Cabinet of therapeutic exercises or on the open area), pre - and post-operative exercises; self-study patients, perform the job, the morning hygienic gymnastics (see Charging). Additional form of impact is mechanotherapy (see). It also uses the middle tourism (see), dosed climbing (see health Path), skiing, skating, rowing, swimming, games.
Methodological principles of exercise: loading dose, respectively physical possibilities of a person, restorative exercises should alternate with respiratory and special. Value of the load in practice depends on the starting position, the duration of the procedure, the number of repetitions of exercises, tempo, volume movements, their complexity, the degree of effort in exercise, the use of projectiles combination with breathing exercises.
Methodological guidance of remedial gymnastics is medical exercises dispensaries, which have rooms gymnastics with a staff of specialists, doctors and trainers in physical therapy.
Physiotherapy exercises in conditions of obstetric stations only carries the instructor (Methodist) physical therapy or average health care workers with special training. The offices of physiotherapy should have gymnastics bench wall, horizontal ladder, sticks, clubs, dumbbells, balls and other