Personal hygiene

Personal hygiene - a set of hygienic rules of behavior in the workplace and in the home. The implementation of rules of personal hygiene contributes to the preservation and strengthening of health of the person.
Personal hygiene includes the daily routine, work and rest, proper nutrition, hardening, physical fitness, skin care, hygiene clothing, shoes and home.
Clearly and efficiently composed routine saves people, saves their health, increases the life expectancy. The day may not be the same for all people without distinction of age, profession and health. However, there are General hygienic requirements are the same for persons of any age: the right combination of mental and physical labor, the lessons of physical culture, regular meals, the alternation of work and rest.
There are two types of leisure : active and passive. Passive rest is at rest. The most complete form of passive night - sleep. Sleep is associated with the implementation of a number of hygienic requirements - clean, comfortable bed, the temperature of the room, its airing. Active rest is the change of type of work, gymnastics (see), sports (see), walks. Physical culture is the means of physical education of the population and an important element of personal hygiene. Active leisure is recovering faster performance and passes mental fatigue.
Nutrition is a biological need of man. Rational nutrition ensures optimal development of the human organism, physical and mental performance. General principles of rational nutrition for all categories of people: sufficient calories, a sufficient amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates. It is necessary to take into account the uptake, absorption and piedemonte food, and to respect the power mode. The cleanliness during food preparation is the most important rule of personal hygiene, in violation of which germs can get into the food and cause food poisoning or intestinal disease.
For personal hygiene in the narrow sense of the word are hygiene requirements for the content of the body, his underwear, clothes, footwear, home. From skin care, teeth, hair depends on the person's state of health. Insufficient skin care dust and dirt clog the excretory ducts of the sweat and sebaceous glands, creating favorable conditions for the development of microorganisms and fungi. Contaminated skin frequently exposed to such diseases as abrasions, eczema, scabies. The basic rule of skin care is the care of her purity. At least once a week it is necessary to visit a bath or a shower in tub.
Especially easily soiled hands. Dirt containing pathogenic microbes and eggs of worms, can go from hand to mouth through food. Dysentery, for example, is called the disease of dirty hands. Cleanliness of hands is mandatory for workers of public catering, trade, food products, food industry, water supply. Known cases of food poisoning, the cause of which were pustular diseases at the hands of the chefs. The rate of contamination of hands is the presence of E. coli bacteriological examination of swabs from their surface.
Care for your mouth not only preserves the integrity of the teeth, but also prevents many diseases of internal organs (heart, joints, kidneys and other).
Underwear, clothes, shoes play an important role in the protection of the body against pollution, cooling, chemical and mechanical damages, from contact of ticks in the taiga regions of the country.
Many companies when working with toxic chemicals, radioactive and other substances used clothing (coats, overalls, rubber boots, gloves etc), personal protective equipment (respirators, gas masks); for hand protection against substances that irritate the skin, apply a special ointment, emulsii.
To the rules of personal hygiene of food industry refers monthly medical examination, regular screening for bacterial plankton and pistorasiasta, conducting the screening and staging reaction Wasserman, and surrender before receipt for work sanitary minimum.
Skills of personal hygiene should be cultivated man with children. A great role in instilling sanitary skills plays a health education (see).

Personal hygiene - a set of hygienic rules of behavior in the workplace and in everyday life; in a more narrow sense - hygienic body content, underwear, clothes and footwear, bedding, tableware and other household items. Gross violations of the requirements of personal hygiene can affect the health and capacity for work of the whole collective. The regime of personal hygiene is particularly important for the personnel of enterprises, public catering and public service. Strict observance of rules of personal hygiene is an important link in the chain of preventive measures aimed at combating infectious and invasive diseases.
An important prerequisite for the normal administration of physiological functions is the purity of the skin. Hygienic contents of the mouth is an important prerequisite to preservation of teeth caries prevention and other odontogenic infections. Body hygiene and skin care inseparable from the physical culture (see) and hardening (see) of the body. Hardening of the skin of the feet is an important element of the foot care and effective means of struggle against sweating.
Wash the legs with cool water in summer and winter, especially before going to sleep, should be considered as a means of prevention of frostbite (see).
An important role in the care of the body play underwear, clothes and footwear to ensure cleanliness of the skin and body protection from pollution and traumatic injuries. Under certain circumstances (development of the taiga areas and deserts) from service requires protection from arthropods (lice, fleas, ticks). This is achieved by impregnation of clothes insecticides and special it will cover.
Special requirements to the materials going on manufacturing manufacturing service (see)designed to protect the body from mechanical, chemical, thermal and radiation (protection from radioactive substances) damage.
Effective use of time of rest (see) at the end of the working day and at the end of the working week is a necessary condition for recuperation and preservation of high productivity. With this the important role of physical culture, sports, physical work and a variety of games in the open air, air and sun baths. These activities and procedures, tempering the body, promote metabolism, develop and strengthen the muscles, tone up the heart and blood vessels.
Peaceful and deep sleep, necessary for rest and rejuvenate the body, is also associated with the implementation of a number of hygienic measures (clean, comfortable bed, the optimum temperature sleeping areas, compulsory ventilation his bedtime, and after sleep). In connection with the problem of rest and recuperation should consider the mental hygiene, which plays a significant role in the prevention of nervous, cardiovascular and other diseases.


Hygiene skills to be taught in childhood, to fix in the school years and firmly to enter in a day's work. A prominent place in spreading among the population, workers and employees, students and military personnel sanitary and hygienic knowledge is hygienic education (see education). One of the methods of education and hygiene practices is sanitary minimum designed for staff canteens, food warehouses, canteens, bakeries, kitchens, food industry etc., Employees of establishments of public catering should take a shower before work, change clothes into working or sanitary (gowns, overalls, trousers and jackets, aprons, caps and scarves). Persons in contact with food products and prepared food, it is expedient to do production manicure. For disinfection of the hands of the workers at the food enterprises set glass bottles or tipping cylinders with 0.2% chlorine solution for washing hands after visiting the toilet. For the state of health service workers of food enterprises, purity of their hands, and also for performance of requirements of personal hygiene sets strict sanitary supervision.
In a production environment health and safe working conditions are ensured by the system of measures envisaged by the legislation. In some industries prominent place belongs to measures of personal prevention, including various protective devices of individual character. These devices play an important preventive role, especially in emergency situations, for repairs and so on, the List of professions in which you want to apply individual protection means, their description and nomenclature developed in the relevant agencies, with the participation of hygienists, representatives of trade unions and the state sanitary-epidemiological service. Personal protective equipment issued by enterprises and institutions with obligatory prior instruction on the procedure and rules of their use. In large enterprises
special employees responsible for providing workers with individual protection means and working their content.
Due to the wide introduction in agricultural practice pesticides used to control pests and diseases of cultivated plants and weeds, special importance is the strict observance of rules of personal hygiene during transportation, storage and use of pesticides containing mercury, arsenic, copper, fluorine, nicotine, anabasine, and other poisons. When working with pesticides is forbidden to take food, to keep in their pockets food. All persons in contact with pesticides, should be provided with special clothes, and in necessary cases (for example, seed dressing) to have respirators and dust goggles. After work, be sure to wash in the shower or in the bath and rinsing the mouth. Control over compliance with sanitary regulations rests with the State sanitary supervision and on their behalf, for rural medical stations or feldsher-midwife stations.
Strict fulfillment of the requirements of personal hygiene is a critical element of radiation safety of the personnel of enterprises and institutions that use radioactive substances with scientific, industrial or medical diagnostic purposes.
Observance of rules of personal hygiene is important to maintain the combat readiness of the troops. According to the Statute of the internal service of the Soviet Army commanders, platoons and outlets must take care of maintaining the health of their subordinates and to monitor their observance of rules of personal hygiene. Body hygiene and proper care of them promote the health of the soldier and increase its resilience to the adverse factors of environment. Monitoring the correct implementation of the statutory provisions relating to personal hygiene fighter, is a direct duty of the commanders, military doctors, paramedics and health instructors. Effective means of monitoring the implementation of activities in the field of personal hygiene in the troops are medical and physical examinations within the terms defined by the Charter of internal service.