Simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis

Simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis - anomaly of the Constitution, due to hereditary metabolic disorders (amino acids), processes of immunogenesis and functions of the endocrine glands, characterized by allergic "attitude" of the body. When simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis acute disease and inflammatory processes often turn into chronic form. Usually simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis is manifested in infants and preschool age. Children with simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis gidrolabilna (see Gidrolabilna), are prone to allergic skin diseases (eczema, dermatitis, prurigo) and respiratory tract (rhinitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, adenoids, chronic recurrent otitis, frequent pneumonia).
Treatment consists in correction of metabolic disturbances diets, vitamins, hormones; conduct desencibilizirutuyu therapy (see Allergy). Cm. also Status thymicolymphaticus.

Simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis - state weakened adaptation to the demands of the external environment on the part of the lymphatic and adenoid tissue, and chromaffin system. The frequency of this Constitution anomaly is approximately 3-6%. It is especially clearly revealed in children aged 3-7 years. Many signs of limfatica-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis similar to exudative diathesis (see). The clinical picture HP-D. consists of the originality of appearance, originality state lymphoid and adenoid tissue and hypoplasia of some endocrine glands. Children pasty, pale; muscles sluggish, the overall tone lowered. A significant global increase in lymph nodes. From the oropharynx observed growth of adenoid tissue, increase and loosening of the tonsils, the expansion of the lymph nodes in the throat, roughly expressed grain, an increase of follicles and am circumvallatae language. Some children there is an increase in the thymus gland, which is determined percutere and radiographically.
From mucous membranes characterized by the tendency to an easier appearance and a long stream rhinopharyngitis, otitis, tracheobronchitises, tonsillitis, and conjunctivitis, blepharitis.
From the heart indicates the presence of a functional atonic noise. The development of the external genital organs is somewhat delayed.
In children older than three years in the blood was slightly increased content of white cells limfotsitoz (over 45%), monocytosis, and relative neutropenia. Blood pressure is usually low. For children with a diagnosis of Limfatica-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis very characteristic instability of water exchange and exchange of chlorides that causes rapid drop their weight when the disease. The secretion of gastric juice is on inert type. Children lethargic, apathetic, give a delayed reaction to the surroundings. Tendon reflexes they lowered. Children with HP-D. can be attributed to the so-called weak, unstable, demoted excitable type.
In the section they are gipoplasia napochechnikov with developing cerebral layer, insufficient development of paraganglia and all chromaffin system.
Smaller adaptation of children suffering from simpatico-gipoplasticheskaya diathesis, to the harmful effects of the environment requires, on the one hand, the nearest them from strong influences, and on the other, careful hardening and the training. In the presence of enlarged thymus gland there are phenomena of stridor or asthma symptoms can be a severe shock, fainting and even sudden death (see Status thymico-lymphaticus). Given gidrolabilna children with HP-D., reduced tolerance to fat, diet should be based on the reasonable restriction of fat in your diet, elimination of water-rich and carbohydrate metabolism. Essential regimen, raising the overall tone, exercising, and water treatment.