Sleepwalking (synonym: segodina, somnambulism) is a disorder in which patients are in a state of deep sleep, make a series of sequential actions.
When sleepwalking patients get up in the night, go from room to room, moving the furniture, cover and open the door, out of the house. Sometimes they are very nimbly moving in places, dangerous to life, for example climb on high fire stairs, walking on the roofs. After a few minutes, less hours, Segodnia patients themselves are laid in bed or somewhere on the floor and fall asleep, and waking up, I do not remember what had happened.
Sleepwalking is most common in childhood and adolescence. Often it occurs in children with somatic diseases, after mental injuries. In these cases, sleepwalking is usually combined with nocturnal fears and nocturnal enuresis.
Often States night walks, looks very similar to sleepwalking, are common in children and adolescent patients with epilepsy. In these cases, patients during sleep, arise state twilight aberrations of consciousness in the form of outpatient automaticity [see Consciousness (disorder)]. Unlike sleepwalking, where a patient can be awaken by the sound of voices, in the twilight numbness that occurs during sleep, to Wake the patient cannot.
Sleepwalking can be created artificially with the help of hypnosis. In these cases the patient's behavior depends on the suggestions of the hypnotist. At diagnosing sleepwalking should refer the patient to a psychiatrist. If the patient is found during his walks, it is necessary cautiously to stop, to Wake up and, having laid in bed to await the onset of sleep.