Massage (Franz. massage) - active method of the treatment, which consisted in coating the surface of the body dosed mechanical stimulation using different, methodically carried out by special techniques, performed by hand massaging or special devices.

Massage - treatment and prevention, which consisted in coating the surface of the body dosed mechanical stimulation through a number of special techniques. Massage is used in hygienic, medical and preventive purposes, as well as in the sport.

Physiological effect of massage

Massage has diverse effects on the body, causing complex reflex reactions of all tissues, organs and systems. Massage has a strong impact on Central and peripheral nervous system. So, changing the character, power, duration of the massage effect, you can reduce or increase the overall anxiety, strengthen the weak and revive the lost reflexes, to improve the function pathways, accelerate the regeneration of nerve when it is damaged, to weaken or stop the pain. The skin under the influence of massage is elastic, increases its resistance to thermal and mechanical influences, improves the metabolic function. Muscle massage increases the elasticity of muscle fibers increases contractile function, the tone, enhances redox processes, leading to rapid recovery of muscles after intensive physical loads and to reduce developed malnutrition. The massage improves the blood circulation in the joints and tissues surrounding the joints, strengthening the hand-ligamentous apparatus, increased mobility of joints, accelerating the resorption of effusion, and abnormal deposits in periarticular tissues. Massage exerts a great influence on the blood and lymphatic system. Causing the expansion of capillaries, massage promotes a plentiful blood supply not only massaged area, but a reflex and tissues at a great distance from him; facilitated the promotion of blood through the arteries and accelerated its outflow in his veins, and improves tone and motor function of blood vessels, lymph flow is accelerated. Massage effect on the blood is expressed in the increase of hemoglobin and erythrocytes. Under the influence of massage happen diverse changes of metabolism; increased gas exchange, increases the excretion of nitrogen products.
The action is based on some kinds of massage is the relationship certain areas of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles of internal organs; massage of these zones can change the function of the corresponding internal organs (reflectory-segmental massage).
Massage can be General, when massaged the whole body and local when massaged one part, such as stop, brush, etc.

Physiological effect of the massage. The determining role in the physiological mechanism of action of massage belongs to the nervous system. Example disclosure nervous-reflex actions M is the possibility of using a variety of massage techniques to call via afferent system of skin, muscles and other tissues changes in functional activity of different tissues and internal organs (heart, stomach, intestines and other). Of great importance in the mechanism of action Meters has also adjustable CNS humoral factor. Under the influence of M are allocated tissue hormones involved in the transfer of nerve impulses. At the application site massage has also the mechanical effect, increasing the mobility of tissue fluid (lymph, blood), causing displacement and stretching of tissues (during scars, spinach) and other changes.
M has a variety of physiological effects on the body. For example, exposure Meters on the nervous system is carried out by mechanical irritation receptor apparatus of the skin and deep tissues and organs.
Depending on the place of application, nature, strength and duration of the massage effect changes the functional state of the crust and the cortex of the brain, decreases or increases the overall nervous anxiety, improves trophic function of the nervous system. Deep impact Meters on the peripheral nervous system: reduces or stops the pain, improves conductivity nerve, accelerates the process of regeneration. Massage effect on the skin is to cleanse it from Torgovlya dead skin cells of the epidermis, improve secretory function of the sweat and sebaceous glands, strengthen arterialization of the skin and metabolic processes in it; on the muscular system is to increase the elasticity of the muscle fibers, the contractile function, oxygen enrichment, strengthening of redox processes, which leads to a decrease developed muscles hypotrophy and accelerating the recovery of their health after heavy physical exertion. Influence M. on the joints, improving their blood supply, accelerating the resorption of the joint effusion, and abnormal deposits in periarticular tissues. M has a strong direct and reflectory impact on the local and General blood circulation. Causing the expansion of capillaries, M. promotes a plentiful blood supply not only massaged area, but a reflex and tissues at a great distance from him. M. facilitates the promotion of blood through the arteries and accelerates its outflow through the veins, and improves the tonic and vasomotor function of blood vessels. Significant influence PM has on the common currency, increasing the secretion of nitrogenous substances, improving gas exchange in tissues.

Therapeutic massage

Therapeutic massage is used in various diseases only by prescription.

General contraindications to the appointment of massage: extensive purulent diseases of the skin and soft tissues, active stage lung and osteoarticular TB; system lesions and tumors of the nervous system; all inflammatory diseases in acute phase; chronic diseases of the stomach and intestines with a tendency to bleeding; hypertensive disease (stage III), circulatory insufficiency (IIB and III stage), migrating thrombophlebitis, a malignant tumor.