Medical personnel

Part of medical personnel includes all doctors, dentists, nurses and medical staff. A special group of medical personnel are also pharmaceutical personnel: pharmacists with higher education, and assistants to pharmacists with secondary special education, working in drugstores, chemist's warehouses, control and analysis, galenical, bacteriological, forensic and other laboratories, and pharmaceutical plants.
The table below shows the growth in the number of medical personnel in the USSR for several years (in thousands of people, without the military).

Medical personnel Years
1965 1970
Physicians (including dentists and dental surgeons)
assistants sanitary doctors and assistant doctors-epidemiologists
sisters medical laboratory technicians
rentgenotechnika and rentgenologists
dental technicians
getinstruction and disinfection


79,3 171,4
30,0 784,9
20,6 19,6


81,3 216,0
37,6 1033,8
25, 4

Cm. also the Midwife, Doctor, Getinstruction, Sanitizer, Laboratory, Medical education, the Assistant medical officer, the Assistant of the doctor-epidemiologist, Rentgenotechnika, x-Ray technician, Sanitary instructor, nurse, Nurse, medical Assistant.

To medical personnel include doctors (see), dentists, as well as the average and younger medical personnel. The category of medium-level medical personnel are paramedic (see), fieldservice-midwives and obstetricians (see), which independently within the limits established by law, medical assistance and care at birth; nurses (see medical Sister), assistants, sanitary doctors and epidemiologists, mentabalance, rentgenotechnika, roentgenologist; dental technicians and other Special group of medical personnel are pharmaceutical staff with higher (pharmacists) and middle (assistants pharmacists) special education working in pharmacies, control and analytical laboratories, pharmaceutical warehouses.
Below shows the increase in the number of medical workers in the USSR (in thousands of people, without the military).
Rights and obligations of persons, graduates of higher and secondary honey. educational institutions are determined by the legislation of the USSR and Union republics; develop regulations regarding the official categories of medical staff (head physicians, residents of hospitals, primary care physicians and pediatricians, heads of first-aid stations, senior nurses and so on).
The staffing of health facilities of medical personnel is made in accordance with staff regulations of medical personnel.
In the USSR practiced certification of medical workers - they are given different categories. Professional development M. K. is carried out by means of improvement and specialization in the institutes of advanced training of doctors, faculties of improvement of doctors of medical institutes, the specialization of doctors on the basis of large honey. institutions in the regional centers and large cities, training at workplaces in research institutions and various forms of training course (see Medical education).
Best workers are awarded with the badge "excellent worker of public health". Doctors who have outstanding achievements in the field of health, awarded the honorary title "Honored doctor of the Republic".
Training and refresher training of medical personnel, their use, distribution young specialists graduating from higher and secondary honey. educational institutions are conducted in accordance with the health development plan and is aimed at ensuring M. K. first of all leading areas of health.