Medical-organizational basis

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The level, frequency, age and cause partial or total loss of ability to work in groups with different age boundaries professional health are the most important indicators of the hygienic conditions of work. Obtaining such data involves a system of prophylactic medical examination of the entire team working, in accordance with the health development plan in the USSR is becoming a reality not only for representatives difficult and hazardous professions.
The use of these schemes 1-4 directions of complex and dynamic monitoring of occupational situation and its impact on working assumes wide application of mathematical methods and computer processing for the analysis and development of appropriate health measures.
Preliminary medical examination cards with the possibility of dynamic encryption of all information will be serious factors facilitate work and improve the quality of the materials. In the dispensary card should equally to enter medical-biological, physiological-hygienic and social-production characteristics.
The resulting material has not only local but also of national importance, as it allows to solve tasks: 1) to ensure full and rational employment of the population of different age and sex taking into account the average period of forthcoming life, labor activity and qualification of workers; 2) by definition interprofessional migration ability of an ageing population and its nature; 3) to identify the dynamics of public opinion in relation to labor activity in the pension age; 4) establish the priority level and pace of technical re-equipment of separate kinds of production, etc.
All this is very necessary and time-consuming work is effective only on the condition that its based on a conscious focus on ensuring long-term preservation of health, health and achieving mass active longevity workers. It is important to develop a system of measures ensuring prevention of premature biological and professional aging from the first steps of the employee's duties. To improve the efficiency of their activities should be clearly divided into General and provided for workers age groups, which in this production are among the partially lost their professional performance.
Psychologists and specialists in occupational health focused on the younger cohorts of workers. A focus on older age groups require special education in gerontology and a clear knowledge of the natural and pathological senescence in different production conditions and ways of the decision of problems of Gerogian.
Figure 5 reveals the fundamental approaches to increasing efficiency and expanding the boundaries of working life. They largely comply with the requirements of the normalization of labour of younger cohorts of workers, which is characterized by early professional aging, if we take as the basis for a workload that provides a sufficient level of development and long-term maintenance of adaptive abilities of the body without signs of premature wear. In addition, provisions in the scheme takes into account the above complexity of factors influencing the level of health. On this basis, activities plan in four conventional directions providing primary prevention of fatigue, physiological-hygienic prevention of occupational aging and pathology, vocational guidance and encouragement.