Medical-organizational basis

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The ageing of the population leads to the necessity of the account of the emerging mismatch between the requirements of modern production and qualitative composition of the labour force. The latter is conditioned not only by the aging of the workforce, but also the increased level of education and special training of the workers of modern professions. Persons of pre-retirement and retirement age can only partially meet the vacancies modern professions that are in the ninth five-year plan was $ 2 million. This also contributes to the dynamics of the requirements for new knowledge and skills. Finally, the ageing workers are experts in their field with the loss of professional health often avoid work not corresponding to their qualification.
Advanced production development on the basis of complex mechanization and automation of processes in our country ahead of the reproduction of labor power and is designed for full use of its reserves. Despite the wide involvement in the production of women and promotion of K. feasible work old age pensioners, the country increased the shortage of workers, particularly in the sphere of material production.
In socialist production relations and possible planning of premises, taking into account the demographic forecast all these socio-economic problems can be successfully resolved. In this role can and should play a medical-preventive, ergonomic and physiological-hygienic solutions aimed at maximum fixture, on the one hand, the modern types of labour K. opportunities of an aging labor force, on the other - the composition of the working conditions of work.
Achievements of Russian physiology and health in the field of theoretical and scientific-practical basis of principles of improvement of the labour process and the environment are serious Foundation for the organization of workers with regard to age and improvement of work on prevention of premature aging.
When planning recreational activities should proceed from the need to form proper working conditions, organization and equipment of working places, selection of optimal operating conditions, distribution of employed in occupations by gender, age and working conditions. A special place in the plans must take questions prior training and adaptation professionally ageing persons to work in new jobs with new tools. This equally applies to the entire working group, if it is supposed the introduction of new technology. Carrying out preliminary work on the adaptation of work to the new technique is one of the key ways to prevent the narrowing of age boundaries professional performance. In connection with the above, these issues are widely developed in industrialized countries and is recommended to wide application of the international Council of the OECD (organization for Economic Cooperation and development)1.
Given these recommendations and organization of the health of workers in the USSR, it is advisable to show all the possible scope of activities of the health units and bodies of the industrial-sanitary supervision in the field of prevention of occupational ageing and labour regulation of ageing workers.
For clarity and conciseness of the material below is our scheme, the main of which are: the first devoted to the comprehensive assessment of vocational situation, and the fifth, on measures to improve the health of aging workers. In others, additional schemes examines the criteria of age-related health, the classification of its levels, and disability.

1. Jof Redesign and occupational training for older workers, 1964; The employment of older workers, 1965; Policies on Age and Employment, 1971, and other