The medical service of the armed forces

The medical service of the armed forces, special services engaged in the protection of the health of military personnel and honey. provision of the troops in conditions of peace and war time.
On the medical service of the armed forces of the USSR in peacetime shall: a) protection and strengthening of health of Armed Forces personnel through the implementation of preventive activities taking into account features of working and living conditions of servicemen; b) preservation of sanitary well-being in the army and prevention of diseases, primarily of the epidemic, by systematically targeted sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures; C) training of military men techniques provide first aid injuries (combat injuries and diseases, as well as measures on protection against contagious diseases; g) organization and conduct of military and special training of personnel of the medical service of the armed forces with the purpose of increasing his qualifications and readiness to work in a combat situation; d) the supply of troops and institutions of the medical service of the armed forces honey. property.
In wartime tasks of the medical service of the armed forces and the ways of their implementation is considerably more complex. The most important is the preservation of life the greatest number of affected in battle and the sick, the speedy recovery of their fighting efficiency and return to the army. In time of war increases the value of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures ensuring the protection of the troops from the emergence and spread of epidemic diseases (see Sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic software). Work honey. service in the army runs in constantly changing combat environment, with massive losses of personnel of the troops caused by the use by the enemy of various weapons, including, possibly, weapons of mass destruction - nuclear, and chemical (see Hearth mass lesions). All this determines necessity to have other than in time of peace, the organization of the medical service of the armed forces and such methods of its work, which would fully meet the organization of troops, their combat operations and conditions of the activity of the medical service of the armed forces.
Organization and equipping of honey. services in the different Armed services and branches are built differently. For example, honey. the service of the Navy has its capabilities on ships and on the coast - in naval bases.
In military units, formations and institutions honey. the service presents units and parts, razvertyvaemye clinics, for example regimental medical center (see), and in times of peace and infirmaries.
In peacetime, the medical service of the armed forces has also a network of stationary honey. institutions - garrison and district (flotskiy) military (naval) hospitals, sanitary and epidemiological agencies and the military medical warehouses. The training and improvement of military-medical personnel (see the Doctor, military, medical Assistant, military) are carried out in various military medical educational institutions (training courses, military medical faculties, the military medical Academy).
In wartime units of the medical service of the armed forces, members of the troops, as well as a significant part of the honey. institutions of the army, in particular medical, are mobile; they follow troops and work in field conditions (see Medical-evacuation support). Evacuation of affected in battle and patients (see medical Evacuation) ensures the availability of medical services of the armed forces of sanitary transport (see) - road, air, water.
According to the decree of the State defense Committee on July 28, 1941, the medical service of the armed forces is part of the authorities and services of the home front with direct subordination to the respective heads of the rear. Only in the regiment of the medical service of the armed forces is directly subordinate to the commander of the regiment. The General management of the medical service of the armed forces carried out by the Central military-medical Department of the Ministry of defence.

The medical service of the armed forces and personnel organization of the Armed Forces intended for carrying out special measures for the protection of the health of military personnel and rapid recovery of combat readiness of the sick and wounded in the fighting.
In peacetime, the military medical service of the Armed Forces of the USSR shall: a) the preservation and strengthening of health personnel by conducting preventive activities based on the achievements of the medical science, taking into account features of working and living conditions of servicemen; b) preservation of sanitary well-being in the army, preventing them in mass diseases, primarily epidemic, which is achieved by implementation of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures; C) sanitary training of military personnel; g) organization and conduct of combat and training of the personnel of the military medical service.
For the preservation and strengthening of health of Armed Forces personnel are being taken following the medical: medical examination of all conscripts to select fit for military service; members of the military-medical Commission of the military enlistment office in the distribution of conscripts according to their physical condition of the Armed Forces and branches; regular medical screening of all personnel of the Armed Forces; early recognition of diseases and treatment of patients; medical control over physical training; participation in the improvement and streamlining of the military conditions of work and life.
Sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures in the army are the following: preventive sanitary supervision of the construction of defensive and neoborocillina facilities; sanitary control of the observance of personal and collective hygiene, food, water and so on, systematic vaccination against contagious diseases; identify sources of disease; timely hospitalization of infectious patients; conducting the necessary anti-epidemic regime in the army.
Sanitary units train consists in mandatory training of all personnel of the Armed Forces of the methods of self - and mutual aid in military defeats, the rules of personal and collective hygiene, the prevention of infectious diseases. Studies on these issues is provided by special program and form an integral part of combat training of the Armed Forces. Along with this widespread practice of health education. Conducting combat and training of the personnel of the military medical service helps to increase his skills and in accordance with this improvement the health of troops in peace and war time.
In wartime military-medical service and methods of medical support of the Armed Forces much more complicated, because it's becoming to do everything possible to save a life the greatest number of the wounded and quickly restore their fighting efficiency and return to the system; to restore the ability to work of those who are unfit for military service and bring disability to a minimum.
Mass lesions, their variety and severity, particularly significant in conditions of application of new types of weapons complex, changing combat environment that should be applied in medical institutions of the army, stay in the zone of immediate danger as personnel of the military health service, and the wounded and sick - all these factors create substantial difficulties for the task of medical support of existing troops.
Military medical service of the Soviet Army in time of war serves active troops based system staging treatment with evacuation by purpose (see medical Evacuation, Stage treatment).
In this system, the necessary remedial measures are performed on the stages of medical evacuation consistently and continuity, in conjunction with the evacuation of the wounded and sick on medical grounds and subject to combat environment (see also Medical-evacuation support).
The organizational structure of the military medical service meets the organization's units and formations of the Armed Forces. In peacetime in companies and equal to them the land forces provided by state younger honey. composition - sanitary instructor. Sanitary instructor company provides first aid to the sick, directs need medical help to the doctor, monitors compliance with the soldiers of the rules of personal hygiene and the hygienic content barracks, carries out under the guidance of a doctor, a paramedic practical training in sanitary training of the personnel of the company, the duty on medical paragraph regiment (PPMS). In the battalions and the corresponding departments of the military-medical care by the medical assistant. Paramedic battalion responsibility: first aid cases, the control over observance of sanitary rules personnel of the battalion, implementation of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures, organization and conducting training of sanitary training of the personnel, management sanitary instructors mouth.


In the regiment of the military medical service presents special military medical division, regimental aid post.
In the States RAP there are doctors (including dental) and medical assistants, pharmacists and nurses; as part of the RAP has a small infirmary.
On PPMS are outpatient reception and inpatient treatment for those patients who do not need long-term or specialized treatment. The combination of all medical means and forces regiment is regimental medical service. The medical service is headed by the senior doctor of the regiment. Medical service regiments and other separate parts, members of the division, are the medical service division, which is headed by the divisional doctor.
To provide adequate medical care and sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures in the division include medical and sanitary battalion.
Management of activity of the military medical services of armies and institutions located on the territory of one or another military district, is the military-medical Department of the district, and in the scale of all the Armed Forces, the Central military medical Department.
In addition to these military military medical units, components of the medical service of troops of the Armed Forces is the Central, district and garrison hospitals, the clinics, the military sanatoriums and rest homes, military medical warehouses, sanitary-epidemiological institutions, scientific research institutes, the Military medical Academy and other
In wartime, the composition of the military medical service of the land forces are additionally included the forces and means in accordance with the changed content and the scope of work of the medical service in the atmosphere of war. On sanitary instructors mouth and nurses in wartime lies with first aid struck on the battlefield and shelter them from secondary lesions. In battalions provided battalion medical center (APC), which is headed by a medical assistant. Imposed on it to guide the removal of the wounded from the battlefield and providing them with first
assistance (see Medical care in the military field conditions). RAP evacuating the wounded from the battalions, rendering the first medical aid and preparation for further evacuation. Medical and sanitary battalion division (Meds) ensures the evacuation of the wounded from the RAP, the urgent qualified medical care and preparation for further evacuation of the wounded to the rear. In the rear area are deployed various specialized hospitals. All units and parts of the army medical services, along with medical and emergency measures are continuously anti-epidemic and sanitary-and-hygienic work, which is particularly important with the threat of use by the enemy of bacteriological weapons.
Some features are characterized by the structure and functions of the medical service of aviation and Navy. In the air force medical service is built taking into account the special tasks to ensure flight safety, which requires special health surveillance flight lifting of structure and action. In the ground forces air force medical items to hospitals. For everyday health surveillance of flight personnel in each aviation regiment there is a doctor of the regiment, which operates using the medical station of the ground units.
In the Navy medical service presents both on ships and on shore in naval bases. On ships feature a fixed point of care, staffing, which corresponds to the rank of the ship. In combat, also deployed posts medical care (also depending on the rank of the ship).
On the shore there are naval hospitals, designed to provide qualified and specialized help.
Cm. also military Medicine, Medical support of the Armed Forces.