Fur production

Fur production (occupational health) - an industry on processing of animal skins, intended to obtain furs.
The basic processes of fur production - dressing, dyeing, finishing. Dressing includes soaking and washing of the skin with the use of alkali; removal of fiber skins on madrilena machines; pickling and tanning the skin processing solution containing sulfuric acid, oxide of chromium and urotropine; greasing skins fat emulsion; the hauling and double formalin pasting the skins.
For dyeing of furs apply fur dyes (Orsola); of these para-phenylenediamine, the most frequently used, has allergenic properties (see Allergies) and can cause in persons in contact with him or breathing in his dust, ursolic bronchial asthma (see), urology runny nose, ursolic eczema (see). To dyeing fur soaked in a solution "prograsses" - sodium bichromate or potassium.
Basic health activities in fur production: rationalization of production processes mechanization and sealing of the main processes; replacement para-phenylenediamine less toxic dye; the device of effective ventilation; organization aspiration hazards from places of their allocation; provision of employees with overall (from the tissues with vinyl chloride, rubber and lacquer coating) and household premises; preliminary (at receipt for work) and periodic (once a year) of medical examinations of persons in contact with para-phenylenediamine and formalin; timely identification of the primary forms of ursolic bronchial asthma, and the transfer of cases to another job.

Fur production and industrial processing of animal skins.
Washing skins produced in saranam shop. There are unfavorable meteorological conditions: the uneven temperature (15-25 degrees), high relative humidity (61-98%), the sharp fluctuations in the speed of air movement (0,2-1,3 m/s), dampness.
In formalin shop is greasing and ilustrovana skins. The main production of harmfulness: fine dust, especially in the Department where the housing bill and hauling skins; pairs formaldehyde, gasoline, turpentine and other toxic substances. Maximum permissible concentration of dust in the Department 2 mg/m3. The workers lustrously and formalin offices can occur dermatitis of the hands.
Finish furs ends in dyeing and finishing departments. For colouring of furs apply different colors, including urcola (derivatives paraphenylenediamine). Insufficient safety inhalation of ursolic dust can cause specific diseases furrier - of ursolic asthma, urologo runny nose, of ursolic eczema.
Implemented at the enterprises of fur manufacturing rationalization of labour processes, sealing and mechanization of certain manufacturing operations contributed to a significant reduction of disease and injury. Working shops with high humidity supplied with clothes from fabrics with vinyl chloride, rubber and lacquer coating. Working with uralom and formaldehyde must undergo preliminary (at receipt for work) and periodic (once a year) check UPS.