Meltzer-lion sample

Meltzer-lion sample (S. Meltzer, V. Lyon) - allocation of dark bile (bile) after the introduction into the duodenum via the probe solution of magnesium sulfate. The secretion of bile In the reduction of the gall bladder simultaneous relaxation of the sphincter of Oddi. In the selection of the gallbladder bile is the role of humoral factor (exemption under the influence of chemical irritants cholecystokinin). For emptying the gallbladder to apply the solutions of sulfuric acid and sodium bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate), glucose, citrate magnesium fat milk, egg yolks, olive oil, 10% solution peptone.
Meltzer-lion, the sample used in the clinic for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes (see Duodenal intubation). Getting dark bile testifies to preservation of the concentration and motor function of the gall bladder, although more precisely, these functions can be studied by x-ray study. A negative test Meltzer-lion observed in the absence of a gall bladder, at the close of the cystic duct stone, tumor; at the bend of the cystic duct; gall bladder disease involving the violation of concentration and contractile its functions (gallstones, cholecystitis, pericholecystic), and also hepatitis and liver cirrhosis of proceeding with dysfunction of the biliary secretion. The volatility in obtaining bile In, the selection is too dark, concentrated bile is typical of biliary dyskinesia.