Fig. 48. Peppermint

Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) - cultivated plant. Leaves contain essential oil, main part of which is menthol (see). It is the inside with angina and gastric pains, and externally - with neuralgic pain, migraine, dental pain, inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. The infusion, tincture from leaves of mint cakes used in nausea, vomiting and rinse the mouth.
Peppermint is a perennial plant. In the wild it is not found. Printed in England in the seventeenth century, probably by crossing wild species of mint. She almost no seeds and vegetative propagated: pieces of rhizomes, lashes, seedlings and even rooted leaves.
Mint planted rhizomes, less damaged by pests and diseases, develops better. The yields of it are higher. They are planted in early spring, in areas with mild winters in autumn. Fresh, non-roots placed in grooves on depth of 8-10 cm, so that the end came one after the other, and fall asleep with a damp ground. To water the plants have often and abundantly: mint - resident damp places. Loves fertile soil, good responds to the application of organic and nitrogen-phosphoric fertilizers.
Multiply mint and cuttings. When the bushes are formed branched shoots, cut stalks with 2-3 pairs of leaflets, put into the prepared grooves and sprinkled earth layer 5 cm From each kidney stem grows Bush mint. So to Cherenkova possible a few years until it forms a plantation wonderful plants.
If you are just 1-2 Scion mint, then it is better to first put into the water. They will quickly give the roots, and then they can be planted in the ground.
Over the summer plants mint 2-3 times weed from weeds, loose soil. For the winter mint cover dry leaves, fir branches, straw and even just loose soil that the plants do not have died from frost.