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Organization of the fight against alcoholism in the USSR

Administrative and social measures of struggle against drunkenness and alcoholism.
The variety of the causes of alcohol abuse, antisocial nature of alcoholism and alcohol abuse, damage they cause social and cultural values of socialist society determine various forms and methods of struggle against this evil through the state-administrative authorities and public organizations.
The basis of the struggle is protivokashlevoe legislation, from the strict observance of which largely depends on the success of the fight against alcoholism and alcoholism. Force in the country's legislation contains, on the one hand, economic and organizational measures aimed at reducing alcohol, on the other measures of public enforcement, which consists in bringing the perpetrators of the relevant laws to legal liability. To measures of state coercion includes criminal, administrative, disciplinary and civil law.
E. A. Babayan (1980) identifies four groups of legislation relating to: 1) order the production of and trade in alcoholic beverages; 2) criminal and administrative law dealing with matters of alcohol; 3) the role of the public in the fight against alcoholism; 4) treatment of patients with chronic alcoholism.
Let us characterize briefly the main protivomaljarijnye the activities undertaken by the state in accordance with the valid legislative acts.
(Important direction of struggle against drunkenness and alcoholism are limiting the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages, especially strong. Resolution of the Council of Ministers of USSR "About measures on strengthening of struggle against drunkenness and alcoholism" (1972) with the purpose of reduction of consumption in the country of alcoholic beverages made reductions of production of vodka and strong liquors and along with it a significant expansion of production of soft drinks in order to fully satisfy the demand for these drinks. With the aim of restoring order in the trade of alcoholic beverages and reduce their sale to the population of the USSR Council of Ministers obliged the councils of Ministers of the Union republics, the Ministry of trade of the USSR, the Centrosoyuz and other ministries and agencies with a sales network:
a) to consider the reduction in the number of shops selling alcohol, to ban the trade in small retail trade network, in all canteens, as well as in specialty food stores (excluding specialized stores on trade in fruits, fish and canned goods that may be allowed the sale of champagne, grape and fruit wines and other alcoholic beverages with strength up to 30 %);
b) to prohibit the sale of vodka and other alcoholic beverages fortress 30% and above in the commercial enterprises located in the area of industrial enterprises and construction sites, schools, kindergartens, hospitals, sanatoria and rest homes, railway stations, docks and airports, cultural and entertainment enterprises, and also in places of mass celebrations and rest of workers.
It is established that the sale of vodka and other alcoholic beverages fortress 30% and more can be made in the retail trade network no earlier than 11 hours and no later than 19 hours Universally prohibited to sell alcoholic beverages to persons in a state of intoxication, and minors. By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of June 19, 1972 "On measures on strengthening of struggle against drunkenness and alcoholism" provides for administrative liability for actions that contribute to drunkenness, in particular for:
1) violation by employees of trade enterprises of the rules of trade in alcoholic drinks;
2) purchase and resale of vodka and other alcoholic beverages at a higher price;
3) incitement of minors to a state of intoxication;
4) acquisition of moonshine, Araki, Chachi, mulberry vodka and other strong alcoholic drinks of domestic production.
Domestic production of strong alcoholic drinks, as well as equipment for their manufacture with the purpose of sale provides for the deprivation of freedom for a period from 1 year to 3 years, and for the same actions committed repeatedly,- deprivation of liberty for a term from 3 to 5 years. For the acquisition of vodka and other strong alcoholic drinks of home making installed fine from 10 to 50 rubles