Flatulence

Gas - bloating out of the accumulation of gas in the digestive tract. In a healthy person in the digestive tract contains an average of 900 cm3 gases, which are necessary to maintain the tone and peristalsis of the bowel.
Flatulence develops as a result of intensified education gas emissions from food (beans, potatoes, and black bread , and vegetables); long delays gases in the intestines, poor absorption due to their atony, inflammation of the intestine, stagnation in his veins on the grounds of violation of General or the portal circulation. Sometimes the cause of bloating can be aerophagia (see).
Flatulence is a frequent symptom of various diseases (chronic colitis, peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, acute gastroparesis and others). Meets and reflex flatulence. Localization flatulence may be General or local, limited stomach, duodenum, or any part of the colon; for periodic or constant.
Symptoms: the severity and sense of raspisanii in the stomach, belching, hiccups, intensive attacks cramping pain, disappearing after discharge gas (gas colic), unpleasant smell from the mouth, and sometimes diarrhea, alternating with constipation, neurovascular reactions in the form of headaches and even attacks of angina (gastro-cardiac-syndrome).
When viewed belly swollen; while local flatulence - local, asymmetric his bulging; percussion - reinforced tympanic sound.
Treatment. When choosing a treatment measures necessary to establish the cause flatulence. If it is associated with nutritional reasons such diseases of gastrointestinal tract, as colitis, atony bowel and others, it is recommended restricted diet products, causing increased flatulence, regular meals, and careful chewing of food. Of drugs: adsorbents (animal coal 1 g or carbolenum 1-2 tablets; purified chalk - 0.5-1 g after eating), carminative (extract of chamomile, clove, mint, dill, yarrow - 5-10 g on 1 glass of water, to take during the day). For constipation - vaseline oil-1-2 table. L. before going to sleep and chamomile enemas. When spasm - antispasmodic (atropine 0.001g, platifillin 0,002 g, papaverine 0.06 to 0.08 g etc. 3 times a day). When reflex flatulence - injection of atropine with subsequent siphon enema, adsorbents.
If gas is a symptom of such terrible diseases as peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, acute gastroparesis, necrosis of the pancreas, and so on, the patient should be immediately hospitalized. In these cases, the use of enemas, laxatives, heaters for the discharge of gases valid only in the surgical Department.

Flatulence (from the Greek. meteorismos - swelling, bloating; synonym: heave, timpani) - bloating due to excess accumulation of gas in the digestive tract. Under physiological conditions in a healthy person in the digestive tract contains an average of 900 cm3 gases that are necessary to maintain the tone and peristalsis of the bowel. When consuming large amounts of certain products (beans, black bread, potatoes, and vegetables) the content of gases increases significantly. Flatulence is a frequent symptom of various diseases (chronic colitis, peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, acute gastroparesis and others).
Flatulence develops as a result of increased swallowing air (aerophagia); enhanced education gas emissions from the food; long delays gases in the intestines; inadequate absorption due to their intestinal, inflammatory process in it, stagnation in his veins on the grounds of violation of General or the portal circulation. There are M: alimentary; mechanical - motivated violations evacuative bowel function; dynamic is due paresis stomach and intestines, violations of peristalsis in peritonitis, when the pancreatic necrosis, acute infections and intoxications, after delivery, etc. To this group belong reflex M localization flatulence may be General or local, limited stomach, duodenum, or any part of the colon; for periodic or constant.
Symptoms: the severity and sense of fullness in the stomach, belching, hiccups, intensive attacks cramping pain, disappearing after discharge gas (gas colic), bad breath, sometimes diarrhea alternating with constipation, neurovascular reactions in the form of headaches and even strokes (gastro-cardiac reflex). When viewed belly swollen; while local flatulence - local, asymmetric his bulging, percussion - reinforced tympanic sound. In the blood - sometimes neutrophilic shift left with a toxic grain.
The radiological examination are determined to two or cascading stomach bloated loop colon smooth gastrolnyj folds, semilunar accumulation of fluid in the small and large intestines with gas accumulations over them, high standing of the diaphragm with limited mobility and accumulation of gases under one of its domes. Diagnostics of separate forms of flatulence important for treatment. In severe cases should be differentiated flatulence with peritonitis and intestinal obstruction.
Treatment: restricted diet products, causing increased flatulence, regular meals, and careful chewing of food, the delay of gas - starvation before their discharge. Of drugs are recommended: adsorbents (animal coal 1 g or carbolenum 1 - 2 tablets; white clay or purified chalk 0.5-1 g after eating), carminative (chamomile, clove, mint, dill, yarrow 5-10 g on 1 glass of water, to take during the day). For constipation-vaseline oil 2 table. L. before going to sleep and chamomile enemas. Cramps - antispasmodic (atropine, platifillin, papaverine and others). Dynamic flatulence - injection of atropine with subsequent siphon enema, adsorbents; in the absence of effects - laparotomy.