Massage technique

By the method of massage can be local or General. Local massage is applied: focal - in the place of destruction; vneochagovogo - higher place of destruction (the presence of strong pain syndrome and other reactive phenomena); cross (if fixed bandages covering the affected limb, massage healthy limb; the resulting afferent ripple in a healthy limb reflex is transmitted through the appropriate spinal centers in the affected limb); segmental - affect certain rich vegetative innervation of region, the organs and tissues that are associated with skin one metameric relationship.
By A. E. the Shcherbakov, the most clear one metameric reactions revealed when exposed to the following reflexogenic areas: cervical-occipital and vernardou (collar), covering the skin of the back of the neck, the area of the shoulder girdle, upper back and chest. Massage of these regions has a positive impact on the most important functions of organs and systems within the CIV-ThII segments of the spinal cord, and trophism of the upper extremities; massage podlojecna area (segments ThVIII-ThXII) causes functional changes in the work of stomach, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and also has a therapeutic effect and solidarity. solarlux; massage nizhnegorodski and verkhnepyshminsky areas, covering the skin surface, respectively segments ThIII-LI, has regulatory effect on the functional state of the kidneys and adrenal glands, and trophism of the lower limbs; massage lumbosacral region, covering the skin of the buttocks to the lower buttock crease and the upper third of the thighs, respectively segments of the spinal cord LII-SIVhas a controlling influence on the functional state of organs of small pelvis in chronic diseases of sexual sphere.
One of the forms of segmental massage technique - reflexogenic zones, reflecting the interconnection of different systems and internal organs with the segments of the spinal cord. Reflected zonal changes can occur in different layers of tissue: a) on the skin (zone Zakharyin-Ged), in the emerging giperestesia, such as angina; skin hyperesthesia is determined on the left in the field supraclavicular fossa, the upper part of the sternum, the inner surface of the shoulder, forearms; b) in the connective tissue in the form changes its resistance that often occurs in areas relevant areas Zakharyin - Ged; C) in the muscles as long tonic voltage transverse muscles in certain areas, segmental location which also corresponds to the areas Zakharyin - Ged (for example, when koronarospazm on the left there is an increased voltage clavicle part trapezoidal, as well as a large pectoral muscles, palpation are painful); d) in vessels in the appearance of the pronounced white or red dermographism on the patient's side. Projection zones can also be manifested by changes in local temperature, sweating, conductivity of the skin and other
The definition of reflexogenic zones sometimes is very difficult, depending on the degree of intensity of pathological impulses emanating from the sick organ, tipichnost their irradiation and other reasons. Significantly complicates the determination of the location and boundaries of reflexogenic zones of the fact that a number of internal organs innerviruetsya from the same segments of the spinal cord. There are different techniques segmental massage, such as rubbing in the form of stroke. Massage stroke movements make slow, tangentially, in layers.
For the correct execution of massage you want relaxation of the muscles of the whole body. Massaged segment is given physiological, a steady position. In patients with dry skin, fragile painful scars, etc. can be used lubricants (white boric vaseline) or powder (talc). These substances are contraindicated for oily skin, excessive sweating, necessary to cause increased blood flow to the massaged area, deep Scar cicatrices, dermatitis, furunculosis, and when segmental massage.