Polyhydramnios is an excessive amount of amniotic fluid; it is usually 2-5 l, and sometimes more. Etiology of polyhydramnion unclear. There are two forms of polyhydramnion - acute and chronic. The acute form is rarely happens on the 5-6th month of pregnancy, characterized by rapid growth (in 1-2 weeks) quantity of amniotic fluid. The volume of the uterus is growing rapidly and does not correspond to the duration of pregnancy. Appear shortness of breath, gravity in the stomach, pregnant forced to sit (it difficult to lie). The acute form of polyhydramnion is an indication for abortion. Chronic polyhydramnios develops gradually, the volume of the abdomen increases sometimes to 115-120 cm, but the General condition of the pregnant woman is not broken, childbirth usually come in time, but there are premature. Polyhydramnios is necessary to differentiate from multiple pregnancy. When polyhydramnios, unlike multiple pregnancy, the uterus sharply strained, small pieces of fruit bad palpable.
Pregnant with polyhydramnios need to be hospitalized in the Department of pathology of pregnancy for examination and treatment.
Labor at polyhydramnios is often compounded by the weakness of labor activity, unusual bleeding, perhaps the loss of small parts of the fetus and the umbilical cord. When entering mothers with polyhydramnios in childbirth, the midwife must inform the physician. In the absence of a doctor at the site should be aware of possible complications mentioned above.