Milk is a variety of food prepared by dilution of whole cow's milk needed for artificial feeding and supplementary feeding of children of early age. For preparation of mixes used milk from healthy cows. During milking, storage and transport of milk have strictly followed the rules of hygiene. Persons engaged in the preparation of mixtures, providing dairy kitchens cow's milk, periodically undergo the medical examination and the examination on the carriage of dysentery Bacillus, the germs of typhoid, paratyphoid.
There can be simple (physiological) milk mixtures, which are used for power supply of healthy children, and milk mixture of medicinal. Simple formulas are applied in different dilutions depending on the age and health of the child. With the aim of bringing the simple milk in composition to breast milk in the milk from the cow add broths from different cereals. In the first days of life of the newborn concentration broths should not exceed 2%, hereinafter - 5%. Mixture B consists of 1 part of milk and 1 part of broth (B figure B - oats, B - buckwheat, etc.,); mixture consists of 2 parts of milk and 1 part of broth (oats, buckwheat, etc.,). Because of its low calorie content of the mixture B are applied only on the 1st month of the child's life, on the 2nd month mixtures are used Century For an arthritis can be used conventional varieties of cereals and flour, commercially available (rice flour, buckwheat, oat groats and others). The decrease of sugar in milk during its breeding decoctions compensate the addition of sugar (100% sugar syrup, 5 ml per 100 ml of the mixture). An integral part of milk mixes, thoroughly mix and pour into a sterile bottles.
To therapeutic milk mixture include all concentrated mixtures that are prepared from whole or diluted milk, by adding other food products (flour, sugar, butter, cheese, eggs). If necessary, increase the fat content add 10 - 20% cream. To increase the protein content type cheese.
There are a number of butter-flour milk formula: mixture № 1 (water - 330 ml milk - 070 ml, butter 47 g, wheat flour 72% soft - 47 g, sugar - 50 ml); blend # 2 (whole milk 1 l, flour - 50 g butter - 50 g sugar syrup 50 ml); mixture № 3 (whole milk - 1l, flour - 70 g, oil - 50 grams, sugar syrup 50 ml).
These compounds may be used as supplementary feeding to breast milk. However, concentrated milk formula currently used quite rarely (if breastfeeding premature infants, treatment of malnutrition, rickets).
For feeding children with the first months of life is applied the so-called ionite milk. This fresh cow milk, past technological processing exchangers (see Milk). When processing cationic get digestible milk albumen; it can be produced in a dry kind.
Very widespread sour milk, which improve the enzymatic activity of the digestive tract and is shown to children with gastrointestinal diseases. The most useful application of lactic acid products (see), which can be used for feeding of healthy and sick children from a very early age.
One of the types of sour milk mixes is churning work. It turns out after fermentation skimmed milk culture of acido-lactic bacteria; in the buttermilk is added 2% of flour and 4% sugar. This product unfit for normal nutrition of infants, as it contains little fat, and is used only for feeding premature babies with dyspepsia.
Wide use in feeding children have infant formula: B - rice, rice, B - oats, oat, a pudding, 5 and 10%, milk cereals, milk powder for infants, powdered whole milk, skim milk, dry cream with sugar and without sugar, dry acidophilus milk. The drying process is carried out in special drying within 10-20 seconds, what is not possible to break down the main ingredients.
For preparation take 2,5 tablespoon dry dairy mixes on 1 glass of water and boil for 3 minutes
It should be noted that no single formula can not equal to replace breast milk.