Monosaccharides (monazi, simple sugars) - carbohydrates, it is not exposed to hydrolysis. The number of atoms of carbon in a molecule monosaccharides are divided into Treaty, tatroz, pentoses (see), hexose (see), and so on, Monosaccharides - a colorless crystalline sweet taste substances, well-dissolved in water, poor in alcohol, not soluble in ether.
Monosaccharides are found in animals, plants and microorganisms in free form (glucose, fructose and other), are included with the di - and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose), glycosides and other Monosaccharides are the main source of energy in the body (see Metabolism and energy).
Cm. also Carbohydrates.