Exercise therapy for diseases and injuries of the brain and spinal cord (the General framework for the methodology for conducting classes)

To the brain include: acute violation of cerebral circulation (stroke and apoplexy), injuries, diseases (arachnoiditis, encephalitis and other), and tumors.
When lesions of the brain or spinal cord, expressed in paresis or paralysis of any etiology (trauma, strokes, diseases, the removal of tumors), a complex treatment of the patient, aimed at preventing the development of contractures of joints of limbs and trophic disorders (bedsores); to combat congestion in the organs (pneumonia) and tissues (phlebitis, thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers); normalization of work of all organs and systems of blood circulation, of respiration, excretion, metabolism; for the fastest production compensatory of skills needed for patient transfers from one position to another. In complex treatment in addition to medical activities (physiotherapy treatments, drug therapy, massage, special physical exercises and so on) is to instruct patient movement and walk - first pillar - with crutches, hodilok getirecegini, stick, and then without support; teaching skills necessary orthopedic equipment: the corset, fastening devices, orthopedic shoes; teaching of self-service and labour processes.
In the first period, therapeutic physical culture conducted within 15-20 minutes several times a day. In the lesson uses one original position. Breath of 1:1. The pace of the exercise slow. Physiological curve unimucronate. In the studies included treatment provision, passive making joints, in which there is a restriction of movement.
In the II period of the duration of studies is 30 - 40 minutes drive Uses a different starting position. Breathing is 1:2. The pace of the exercise medium and slow. Physiological curve of the two - and trevelina. The treatment is continued position and passive development of the joints. In this period in the studies included exercises with objects, learning skills, the use of orthotic devices, of a shift in the position of standing, walking in devices and without them, drawing and without support.
In the third period classes last from 1.5 to 2.5 hours (including wearing and removing orthopedic equipment). Use a different starting position. Breath of 1:2, 1:3. The pace of the exercise different. Physiological curve MNV. In the studies included exercises on shells, on machines with maximum resistive load. The patient learn to walk without orthopedic equipment and support. Maximum attention is paid to restoration of coordination, balance, reaction, games, dances, therapeutic swimming and elements of sports - volleyball, basketball, skiing and other