Mycosis

Mycosis is a disease of humans and animals caused by pathogenic fungi. Infection occurs during the processing of cereals, fruits, vegetables; the disease is transmitted from infected animals, human development it depends on virulence of fungus on the state of organism and environment.
Depending on the form of a mushroom-exciter distinguish trichophytosis, microsporia, the athlete, candidiasis, blastomycosis, etc. Each type of fungus is his favorite localization and makes specific clinical picture. Pathogenic fungi affect the skin, situated in the epidermis and deep layers, hair (see Microsporia, Trichophytosis, Favus), nails (see Onychomycosis), respiratory organs (see Bronchoscopy, Pnevmatikos), the gastrointestinal tract. The defeat of the skeletal system - osteonics is developing, as a rule, the transition infection with affected by fungus surrounding soft tissue or hematogenous route (see the Actinomycosis, Blastomycosis.)
Most often, changes are observed in the bones of the spine, skull, ribs in the form of destructive violations of periostitis, sclerosis.
When mold mycosis caused by records of Ascomycetes, phykomycets, there are ulceration and abscesses, skin, onychomycosis, conjunctivitis, candidiasis, bronchitis, Atomics, pseudotuberculosis and other disorders of the body.
Treatment and prevention of - see Fungal diseases of the skin, certain types of fungal infections.

Mycosis (from the Greek. mykes - fungus) - fungal diseases of people and animals. Mycosis different pathogen (trichophytosis, candidiasis and other) and localization (dermatomycosis, atomicity, osteonics and others). Special group of deep fungal infections of the internal organs (blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, Coccidioides and other tropical mycosis); however, occasionally deep lesions occur in trihofitii, pause, candidiasis. Deep fungal infections occur mainly in tropical countries; they are of a systemic nature and are resistant to treatment. In non-tropical countries found: sporotrichosis, blastomycosis, hromomikoz, rhinosporidiosis, histoplasmosis. Some of Meters deep occur abruptly, reminding influenza, upper respiratory catarrh, and are very widespread, mainly among children (for example, Coccidioides in Arizona).
The disease when infected depends on virulence of the fungus, body condition and factors of the external environment (working conditions, household, sanitary regime and so on). More natural M. occur when the infection from animals, such as vasiformis or plaster Trichophyton, fluffy Microsporum. Less natural occurrence of fungal infections in the skin fungi, long parasitizing on the human skin (purple Trichophyton, ahorion Shenleina). The contagiousness M depends on the variability of the fungus in vivo, and invasive ability not always correspond to the pathogenic power, abundance of elements. The prerequisite for the emergence of M is damage to the stratum corneum, it reduced viability, change the pH toward alkaline reaction, a lower temperature than in the deeper layers of the skin, oxygen, chemistry keratin. The spread of fungal infections promotes suppression of immune reactions, metabolic diseases of the endocrine system, with irrational prolonged administration of corticosteroids and antibiotics.
Osteonics is a relatively rare bone disease, a pathogen which are different mushrooms. Most often, actinomycosis and candidiasis. Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, and cryptococcosis revealed extremely rare. The causative pathogen gets into the bone or hematogenous or affected adjacent soft tissues.
The clinical picture of osteonecrosis is the sum of the symptoms of inflammatory diseases of the bones, and any specific features not present. Crucial in establishing the diagnosis have laboratory (microscopy and culture; serological and Allergy testing). The radiological examination establishes the nature of the lesion of the bone tissue and the prevalence of the process.
Blastomycosis is characterized by a multiplicity of defeat. With the development of specific granulomas in flat and spongy bones appear sections the destruction of bone tissue, with the x-ray view of the foci of depression. These lesions are not clearly separated from the surrounding healthy bone tissue and tend to merge. Reparative reaction is insignificant. With the defeat of divisov long bones sometimes have significant periostitis.
Coccidioidomycosis is manifested destructive processes (most often localized in the cancellous bone) with mild recovery phenomena. The localization of the pathological focus in the long tubular bones can be formed curtailment (Fig) and to develop the osteosclerosis because of periosteal and endosteal reactions.
Cryptococcosis (torales), like all osteonics, accompanied by the development of destructive processes in the bone with slightly pronounced response reduction reactions. This disease is characterized by a large dispersion of pathological lesions in bone machine. Most often affects the bony prominences and bumpy in places attach the tendon. Bone pathological lesions often first detected on x-rays, as the disease can occur without any clinical symptoms.
Cm. also articles on the individual fungal infections.

Coccidioidomycosis. Thickening of the diaphysis of the humerus due to the merger of periosteal overlays from the cortical layer. Areas of destruction of bone tissue - cavity, where visible curtailment.