Myositis is a disease of the skeletal muscle: myositis are infectious diseases (flu, chronic tonsillitis, fever, brucellosis, syphilis, tifa), parasitic (trichinosis, the cysticercosis), toxic (diabetes, radiation sickness), traumatic, treponematoses. There are festering and serous, acute and chronic myositis.
Acute purulent myositis occurs after open trauma or transmission of infection from any suppurative focus in an organism. Is caused by staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, gonococcus. Manifested by fever, chills, headache; local swelling, induration, tension and pain of damaged muscle. After a few days in the muscle may form an abscess that is accompanied by the appearance of a softening defined by touch.
Treatment: with purulent myositis should prescribe antibiotics (penicillin intramuscularly in a dose of 300 000 IU 4 times a day, tetracycline inside of 200 000 IU 4 times a day or intramuscularly in a dose of 200 000 IU 3 times a day), analgesics (analgin, amidopyrine) inside in normal doses, UHF. If signs of abstsedirovaniya need to open the abscess to drain its cavity using a constant gauze graduate. As the disappearance of a purulent discharge can be put bandage with Vishnevsky ointment, penicillin emulsion.
Serous myositis experiencing acute or subacute with influenza, rheumatism, syphilis. Appear aching pain in the leg muscles, the lumbar region, torso, arms, neck (see Myalgia). At a palpation muscles hardened, painful, especially in places attach to bone projections. Deep in the muscles felt rounded painful nodules of various sizes, infiltrates, thick strands (fibrosity). Treatment of serous myositis: calm, dry heat (banks, warmers, mustard), inside amidopyrine 0.5 g 3 times a day, acetylsalicylic acid 1 g 3 times a day, ultraviolet irradiation.
Trichinellosis myositis occurs later 10-25 days after eating infected pork. The disease is characterized by fever, swelling of the eyelids, and pain in the muscles of the limbs, chest, language, masseter muscles. The diagnosis is made using epidemiological history and muscle biopsy, in which microscopic examination are determined Trichinella (treatment - see Trichinosis).
Traumatic references for additional information myositis occurs when extensive razlozhenii and bleeding in the muscle. After 4-5 weeks after the injury in the muscle appears painful swelling, gradually acquiring bone density. Possible violations of movement, if the ossification is located near a joint. Traumatic references for additional information myositis more likely to develop in the field of shoulder and elbow joint. X-ray examination in the muscle is determined ossification, which may be associated with bone. Perhaps spontaneous resolution of ossification. With an increase in bone formation shown operation after 4 to 6 months. after injury.
References for additional information trophoneurosis myositis is a rare disease of unknown etiology. Appears in childhood, often in boys, with a gradually increasing stiffness of motion in the muscles of the neck, neck, shoulder, chewing muscles. Later involve the muscles of the trunk and extremities, which leads to immobility of the patient. Muscles are defined by multiple painless ossification of various sizes. The forecast is favorable for life. Treatment of symptomatic, ineffective. Sick for many years are on bed rest, and therefore for them needs special care: to feed, to be careful not formed decubitus (wipe the skin with camphor spirit, put a rubber circle, often to change the position of the patient).

Myositis (myositis; from the Greek. mys, myos - muscle - skeletal muscle inflammation. However, by M. include diseases of the muscles, not always bear the inflammatory nature.