Narcolepsy is a disease manifested by bouts of uncontrollable sleepiness. They appear suddenly, last from 1 to 10 minutes, rarely longer, and as suddenly disappear. Seizures occur in any conditions - in the street, while walking, eating, talking, but mostly in an atmosphere conducive to sleep in silence, after eating, in a convenient position of the body. The patient wakes itself or from external light effects - shake, treatment, etc., the Frequency of attacks - one in a few days to many dozens in one day. Very often narcolepsy combined with kataplexia (sudden and short - from a few seconds up to 2-3 minutes - muscle relaxation, resulting in the decline of the patient). Cataplexy usually occurs in connection with positive emotions, especially accompanied by laughter.
Consciousness during attacks of cataplexy remains intact.
Patients with narcolepsy usually find it difficult to go to sleep; sleep they shallow.
The cause of narcolepsy is often epidemic encephalitis, less commonly traumatic brain injury. Can be hereditary cases of narcolepsy. The treatment is performed by a doctor. The most effective long-term use of ephedrine 0,025-0,05 g one to two times a day (at night). Patients with narcolepsy is contraindicated in labor activity in which the attack sleepiness can lead to an accident.