External examination of a corpse

External examination of the corpse always start with a thorough inspection and description of the service, delivered with the corpse of objects and characteristics of cadaveric changes.
The inspection service is mandatory in cases of death in hospitals. With this clothing, taken upon admission to the hospital, should be sent to the morgue at the same time with the corpse. A detailed study of the peculiarities of the service, its pollution and damage to resolve many issues that are important for the investigation. Of particular importance is the study of service in various injuries, poisoning, putrefactive change, dismemberment and skeletonema corpses, the study corpses of unknown persons Clothes first, examine directly on the body. Say there is an order or disorder in clothing, maps damage to clothing or body. When detected on the surface of service or more foreign particles (shards of metal, glass, parts of bullets, shot, and so on) they are retired for further research. Examine and describe the contents of your pockets.
Clothing of the corpse must be removed without damaging its sections (they are produced only in cases of extreme necessity), which are sometimes allowed in places not contaminated with blood. At first examine coat, then lower. Garments carefully examine both outside and inside. In case of any damage to the outer surface of the service check their character from the inside (if the wound through). If the clothes soaked with liquid (blood, water, and others), establish the extent of soaking and size of the treated area on separate layers of clothing, direction stains.
After inspection and descriptions dried clothes Packed and stored in the morgue, issue it without permission of the investigating authorities invalid because it can represent a material evidence.
By removing the service give the biological characteristics of the corpse, specify the floor, body length, age according to the documents presented to the expert. If the age of the deceased person is unknown, it is necessary to determine, using appropriate criteria. Describe the shape, defects in shape and structure, the proportionality of the parts of the body, the level of development of muscles, and fatty tissue point body weight. In the study corpses of children aged under one year of their weighting is required. Note the color of the skin, pay attention to the pallor, cyanosis or yellowness of the skin, putrid staining her, lots of maceration. Establish the degree of development of the early and late cadaveric changes.
After cadaveric changes produced a study and description of individual parts of the body, starting from the head. Determine the overall configuration of the head, the integrity of the bones of the skull to the touch, examine the scalp, set the color, length, thickness of the hair. In the study of the person celebrating the color, shape, thickness of eyebrows, eyelashes, status, age, connecting shell eyes, iris color, shape, size and uniformity of the pupils, transparency or turbidity of a cornea. Study the condition of the nose, mouth, lips, teeth, ears and external auditory passage. Describe not only the General condition of these parts of the body, but also on them those or other foreign matter, dirt, etc. When it detects dried traces of leaked liquid, you need to specify where they come from and the direction of these stains with respect to the long axis of the body.
In the study neck determine its length and circumference, the proportionality with the torso, carefully studying the skin to establish or exclude them any signs of damage.
During examination of the chest celebrate its shape (cylindrical, barrel-shaped, tapered), symmetry, elasticity. Carefully check the state of the ribs, their integrity to the touch. Women examine the mammary glands, determine the size, shape and firmness, circle, the color of nipples and peripapillary circles, the presence of a detachable.
During examination of the abdomen describe its shape and size, the elasticity of the abdominal wall, abdominal bloating, swelling and other women pay attention to the color of white line of the abdomen, acquiring reddish-brown tint in pregnancy.
Men visiting the penis, establish the presence of ulcers, scars, discharge from the urethra, if necessary, take a PAP smear for bacteriological research. Examine the scrotum, determine whether both testicles are in it. Women are investigating sexual slit lips, the entrance to the vagina. Study thoroughly hymen, its anatomic integrity, structure, availability of slots and gaps, the presence of reactive changes in the sphere break hymen. On suspicion of committing sexual intercourse should take a PAP smear for forensic research.
During the inspection of the anus note, not gaping if it is not there on the skin around it feces.
During the inspection of the upper extremities particular attention to the wrists. Several features can point to some external influence. So, when the suicide of firearms on the back of the hand can be detected combustion products of gunpowder traces from the action parts of automatic weapons. On the Palmar surface of the hands in the case of stab wounds in the killings can be defined incised wounds that occur in self-defense (grasping the blade). The presence of skin brushes callus indicates physical labor. Some features can specify to engage in certain professional activities (the color of the skin when working with chemicals and other). After examination of the extremities explore the rear surface of the body to the neck, back, waist, buttocks.
Special attention at external examination is paid to study of the damage, the results of which can be described as in the course of inspection of individual body parts, or grouped in a separate section at the end of the description of the external examination. Install localization (according to anatomical regions), form, depth, condition edges and ends, walls, DNA damage, color, presence of blood. If there are bruises and abrasions should produce their cuts to identify hypertension in the underlying tissues. The cuts conduct cross, so that when you re-examination of the corpse they can be differentiated from lifetime. Describe the damages in the form of finished diagnosis (for example, "contused wound", "gunshot wound" and other) unacceptable. Damage is found, you must take pictures with the rules of large-scale photographs, as well as in the schematic sketch contour images. In the study of the corpse of the unknown persons make photographing the rules protopselaphinae pictures for the following description.