Pages: 1 2 3 4

Drug-free treatment

Expanding use in the treatment of alcoholism non-drug methods. In particular, acupuncture facilitated the mobilization of reserve forces of the body, activates the nonspecific protective mechanisms and specific reaction compensation. Most often, acupuncture is used in relieving alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and also for struggle against various physical effects of alcohol consumption. For edema of alcohol withdrawal syndrome are also developed in recent years, special methods of electrical stimulation of specific areas of the brain. Quite successful in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome was the use of the method of management of surface craniocerebral hypothermia (cooling surface of the skull with the help of water or air in special apparatuses).
Make it easier for alcohol withdrawal syndrome and modern methods of detoxification (removal of toxic substances from the body. For example, application of hemosorption method based on the use of substances selectively remove from the blood in the process of filtration of blood toxic products. More often for these purposes use activated carbon or ion-exchange resin.
It seems that the second birth is experiencing today and magnetotherapy alcoholism, which is associated with the qualitative improvement of the equipment, expansion of opportunities for directional influences.
And the main and irreplaceable method of treatment of alcoholism is psychotherapy. Psychotherapeutic effect, of course, should permeate the whole process of treatment of alcoholism.
In the practice of modern psychotherapy alcoholism traced some General trends. First, the increasing distribution is received psychotherapeutic techniques, combining the advantages of different psychotherapeutic methods. Second, growing instrumental provision of psychotherapeutic process, it is particularly widely used instrument that provides feedback and patient, VCRs, different audio-visual media. Third, increasing the share of combined methods. Psychotherapeutic influence is carried out on the background of drug therapy, magnetic therapy, electrostimulation, etc. fourth, a clear preference for the conduct of group psychotherapy in small groups.
Arsenal psychotherapeutic methods used in the treatment of alcoholism, expanding, although not as fast as we would like. To the fore today methods of group psychotherapy. The secret of their attractiveness of that group psychotherapy methods allow to achieve what alaosasto within individual psychotherapy. It is revealed, that in patients with alcoholism there is a kind of psychological defense against rational formal logical arguments from the outside. This explains the low efficiency of individual rational psychotherapy - the doctor is very difficult to break through the defence construction of the patient's mind, to overcome the kind of resistance and rejection of divergent information. In this regard, group therapy significantly reduces the conventional threshold of resistance. Under pressure group opinion is much easier formed new positions and values of the patients. Thus, the problem is reduced to the search of methods, organizing group influence in the direction required for the purposes of treatment.
Priority receives psychotherapy in small groups of up to nine people. The view of the special importance of small groups came in psychotherapy alcoholism of sociology and social psychology. It was found that small groups is relatively stable "Microsystems large communities". It is believed that every person is a member of 5-6 small groups, in which he carries with it special is the contacts. Small groups is a necessary layer between the individual and society (formal organisation). According to some estimates, the total number of small groups on Earth reaches many billion, exceeding the population (mills, 1972).
Small psychotherapeutic group is able as a single organism (with its hierarchy, ideology, distribution of roles and so on) to adapt to the situation, to maintain cohesion and to develop a common opinion. This psychotherapeutic group has clear laws of group dynamics and group interaction. According to different authors, there are 5-8 stages of group dynamics.
Psychotherapy in small groups of patients with alcoholism can successfully tackle the complex problems such as overcoming misunderstanding of their illness and the denial of its existence (anosognosia) and formation in patients with adequate ideas about themselves and their illness, the implementation of psycho-correction, strengthening of attitudes on temperance and abstinence from alcohol. Quite effective in small groups a method such as group discussions in various modifications. The main thing is to manage the process of group interaction on the part of the therapist.