Nephrectomy surgery to remove the kidney. Nephrectomy shown in malignant tumors of the kidneys, janefrose, unilateral polioviruses tuberculosis, extensive injury to the kidneys, with a severe form of hydronephrosis. Nephrectomy can be made only by a well functioning second kidney. The operation is performed under General anesthesia or local anesthesia. Nephrectomy is contraindicated in bilateral tuberculosis of kidneys, active tuberculosis lungs, severe diseases of the cardiovascular system, cachexia.