Nephrology

Nephrology is the area of clinical medicine that studies of normal and pathological physiology of the kidney, renal diseases, their treatment and prevention.
In Nephrology for the diagnosis of kidney disease are, in addition to the biochemical analysis of blood and urine, methods excretory urography (see), radioisotope renografii (see Radioisotope diagnostics) and scanning (see), puncture biopsy of the kidney, renal angiography and other Introduction in practice of artificial kidneys (see artificial Kidney) and peritoneal dialysis (see), and in recent years transplantation of the kidney can be successfully treated patients with renal insufficiency.

Clinical Nephrology

In the monograph, which consists of 18 chapters, some questions of symptomatology, diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of major diseases of the kidneys. The monograph is written on the basis of the literature analysis and data obtained during 10 years of work led by the author of the clinics and laboratories.
In chapters I-V consistently set forth the doctrine of proteinuria, functional diagnostic methods, the nature and methods of the study of renal acidosis, x-ray research methods and the estimation method of puncture biopsy of the kidneys. In VI-IX chapters understand pathogenesis, diagnostics and treatment of nephrotic syndrome clinic and over diffuse glomerulonephritis, the influence of pregnancy, put forward the original concept about the combination of diffuse glomerulo - and pyelonephritis. Chapter X devoted to the analysis and classification errors clinical diagnosis of major diseases of the kidneys. The problem of Kidneys and blood system, including coagulation" dedicated to the XI-XII Chapter. A special Chapter examines the question about the ratio of mineral and glucocorticoid function of the adrenal gland and kidney diseases. The last section of the book (Chapter XIV-XVIII) include summary data about the dietetics different forms of glomerulonephritis, corticosteroid therapy, conservative treatment for renal hypertension, correction of renal acidosis and treatment of anomie in renal failure.
The monograph is illustrated 69 pictures and equipped with bibliographic index chapters.

Table of contents

Chapter I. Proteinuria
   The allocation of protein in healthy persons
   Pathological proteinuria, its types, extent and causes
Chapter II. Quantitative study of kidney function
Quantification methods used at the clinic
      Determination of glomerular filtration
      Study of the function of the proximal tubules
      The function definition distal nephron
      The limitations of using clearance methods in clinic
      The value of comprehensive studies of the kidneys
The change of partial functions of the kidneys in some diseases
      Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis
      Chronic diffuse glomerulonephritis
      Pyelonephritis
      Hypertension
   Reduction (characters)used when using clearance methods
Chapter III. The nature of renal acidosis and methods of its research.
   General regulation of acid-base balance
   The role of the kidney in the regulation of acid-base balance
   Renal acidosis
Chapter IV. X-ray methods in diagnostics diffuse diseases of kidneys
   The main methods of x-ray in the diagnosis of diffuse diseases of kidneys
Radiological changes in diffuse diseases of the kidneys
      Resize kidney
      The state of pan-pelvis system and ureters
      Other changes
Chapter V. Needle biopsy of the kidneys
Chapter VI. Nephrotic syndrome.
   Etiological factors
   Immunologic disorders
   Histological types of kidney damage
   Clinic and pathogenesis
   Treatment
Chapter VII. Clinic and over diffuse glomerulonephritis.
   The acute phase of diffuse glomerulonephritis
   The course of chronic glomerulonephritis
      Latent stage
      A stage with expressed clinical manifestations
      Terminal stage
Chapter VIII. The effect of pregnancy on the course of chronic glomerulonephritis.
Chapter IX. About the combination of diffuse glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis.
Chapter X. Error clinical diagnosis of major diseases of the kidneys.
   Errors that are common to many diseases of kidneys
   Errors in determining renal etiology hypertensive States
   Errors when determining causative factors of nephrotic syndrome
   Error diagnosis of acute glomerulonephritis
   Error diagnostics of chronic glomerulonephritis
   Error diagnosis of chronic pyelonephritis
Chapter XI. Kidneys and blood system
   General data about the changes of the blood system diseases of kidneys
   The role of the kidney in the production of erythropoietin
Changes of the blood system and eritropoeticescoe properties of whey in some diseases of the kidneys
      Acute diffuse glomerulonephritis
      Chronic glomerulonephritis with adequate renal function
      Chronic renal failure
      The pathogenesis of the anemia, kidney disease
Chapter XII. The kidneys and blood clotting.
   The impact of a healthy kidney clotting
   Changes in the coagulation in the diffuse diseases of the kidneys
   Pathogenesis gipergeparinemii and reduction of fibrinolysis kidney disease
   About the effect of heparin on the occurrence of experimental jade
   Changes bleeding in the treatment of nephritis steroid hormones
   About the use of substances that affect blood clotting in the treatment of glomerulonephritis
Chapter XIII. The crust napochechnikov and kidney disease
   The role of the kidney in the regulation of products of corticosteroids
   The role of healthy and sick kidneys in the metabolism of corticosteroids
   The effect of aldosterone on kidney function
   The secretion of aldosterone kidney disease
   The effect of glucocorticoids on the kidney
   Functional state of adrenal cortex in glomerulonephritis
Chapter XIV. The influence of diet on for diffuse glomerulonephritis and kidney failure.
   Diets with different sodium
   Diets with different protein
Chapter XV. Corticosteroid therapy diffuse glomerulonephritis.
Chapter XVI. Conservative treatment of hypertension kidney disease.
Chapter XVII. Correction of acidosis, kidney disease.
Chapter XVIII. Treatment of anemia in kidney failure.
Literature