Therapeutic physical training at diseases and damages of nervous system

Treatment and rehabilitation of patients with different diseases and traumas of Central and peripheral nervous system are one of the urgent problems of modern medicine, requiring an integrated approach, using a wide range of medical means, including medical physical culture.
Diseases and injuries of the nervous system are manifested in the form of motor, sensitive, coordination disorders of trophism.
In diseases of the nervous system, may occur following disorders movements: paralysis, paresis, and giperkineza.
Paralysis, or plegia,- complete loss of muscle contraction, paresis - partial loss of motor function. Paralysis or paresis of one limb called respectively monoplegia or monoparesis, two limbs of one side of the body - hemiplegia or hemiparesis, three limbs - triplegia or tripartism, four limbs - quadriplegia or tetraparesis.
Paralysis and paresis are of two types: spastic and sluggish. Spastic paralysis is characterized by the absence only voluntary movements, increased muscle tone, and all of the tendon reflexes. It happens at defeat cortex front of the Central gyrus or pyramid path. Flaccid paralysis is manifested by the absence and arbitrary, and involuntary movements, tendon reflexes, low tone and muscle atrophy. Flaccid paralysis observed in the peripheral nerves, the roots of the spinal cord or gray matter of the spinal cord (the front horns).
Giperkinezami called modified movement, deprived of physiological values that arise spontaneously. These include seizures, atetoz, shaking.
Convulsions can be of two types: clonic, which are rapidly alternating contraction and relaxation of muscles, and tonic - prolonged muscle contraction. Seizures occur as a result of stimulation of the cortex or brain stem.
Atetoz - slow worm-like movements of the fingers, hand, body, so it twisted when walking stopovers. Atetoz observed with the defeat of the basal ganglia.
Shake - involuntary rhythmic fluctuations limbs or head. It is observed with the defeat of the cerebellum and subcortical formations.
Poor coordination called ataxia. There are static ataxia - impaired balance when standing and dynamic ataxia, manifested in the coordination of movements, disproportionality motor actions. Ataxia most often occurs when damage to the cerebellum and the vestibular apparatus.
When the disease of the nervous system often disorders of sensitivity. There are complete loss of sensitivity - anaesthesia and reduces sensitivity - gipestesia and increased sensitivity - giperstesia. when violations of the surface sensitivity of the patient does not distinguish between heat and cold, feels injections; if the disorder deep sensitivity loses sight of the position of the limbs in space, resulting in his movements become unmanageable. Sensitivity disorders occur when the damage of peripheral nerves, roots, pathways and spinal cord, pathways and parietal lobe of the cerebral cortex of the brain.
In many diseases of the nervous system occur trophic disorders: skin is dry, it is easy cracks are formed bedsores, exciting and underlying tissues; the bones become brittle. Particularly severe bedsores are in the spinal cord.