Minority - life period of 14 to 18 years. With 18 of the law binds the full capacity of citizens of the USSR and in connection with this acquisition civil and political rights. Citizens at the age from 14 till 18 years - of minors, so their civil capacity is limited within certain limits. Minors have the right to independently dispose of their wages, to make deposits to your name in the savings Bank and dispose of them, but they do not have the right without the consent of parents, adoptive parents or guardian to enter into legal transactions, i.e. causing the legal obligations of the parties (for example, purchase, sale, donation and other).
Soviet laws protect the health of minors. Teenagers can employ only 16 years old. According to the Regulation on the rights of factory and of factory committees, trade Union, approved by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated July 15, 1958, adolescents 15 years of age may be employed in exceptional cases, upon agreement with the trade Union committees. When applying for a job, and then at least once a year adolescents undergo a compulsory medical examination. In addition, the State Committee of USSR Council of Ministers on labour and wage and trade unions approved the list of industries, occupations, professions and works, on which prohibited the employment of children. For minors has shortened working day, they cannot be put on the work related to occupational hazards, night shifts, etc.
If the minor has committed a crime, age limits their criminal liability shall be determined in accordance with the fundamentals of criminal legislation of the USSR and Union republics.