Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis (synonyms: colitis gravis, colitis ulcerosa gravis, idiopathic ulcerative colitis, bleeding and purulent rectocele, moragemoregage rectocele, ulcerative protokola, ulcerative colitis is a disease of unknown etiology characterized by chronic inflammation, with the development of hemorrhages, aswa - and gnoportage in the rectum and colon. This pathological changes may or only in the mucosa, or hit all layers of the intestine as a whole. Alternating periods of exacerbation, changing the remission of different duration with the picture sometimes complete clinical recovery, and new exacerbations typical for ulcerative colitis.
The first to describe the current condition, was an English doctor Wilks. In 1859 in the Medical times and Gasette" there was a report called "Pathological condition guts Miss Banks", where at the opening describes typical acute ulcerative colitis prescription about 3 weeks. 16 years later, in 1875, in lectures on pathological anatomy Wilks and Maxon give a classical description of ulcerative colitis.
In subsequent years as of the disease appeared very rich literature; contemporary most complete descriptions of ulcerative colitis should mention I. P. Bush (1926), A. G. Alekseev (1927), I. A. Cashiers (1933), A. A. Askarov (1947), V. K. Karnauhova (1963), A. A. Vasiliev (1967), I. S. Yudina (1968), W. M. Hvidovr and M. X. Levitan (1969), Bacon (1958), Bockus (1946), Kirsner (1951, 1954), Jones (1961), Hawkins (1963), and other
Statistical data on the incidence of ulcerative colitis have a few and they do not accurately reflect the true state of Affairs.
A. A. Vasiliev (1963) by materials of the Moscow clinical hospital. S. P. Botkin for 1951-1962, reports on the incidence of ulcerative colitis - 8 per 10 000 hospital admissions. These figures are close to those Melrose (1956). The latter leads to the following frequency rate per 10 000 hospital admissions for individual European countries: Switzerland - 5,8, Scotland - 6,9, Finland - 7,0, Denmark - 7,8, Belgium - 10,8, England - 14,8. The number of patients in the USA many times exceeds the figures for Europe: 10 cases of ulcerative colitis hospitalized per 1000 (Bacon, 1958). However, Jones (1961) and Gummer (1961) report that per 1,000 wells in England 1 person suffering from these diseases. This frequency can hardly be extended to other countries of the European continent, and indeed, between 1946 and 1955, the average annual availability of new cases in Norway was 1.2 per 100 000 population. The figures Melrose are incomplete, for they received the sampling procedure.
You can do until a General conclusion that ulcerative colitis is a relatively common disease for countries of temperate climate. The disease occurs more often in women (Korelitz and Janowitz, 1959). Affected predominantly young age; according to our observations, covering 290 patients, 52% were aged 20 to 40 years.