Neurosurgery - section surgery, developing the operative methods of treatment of diseases and traumatic lesions of the Central (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral (somatic and vegetative) nervous system and study the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and diagnosis of these diseases. The main directions of neurosurgery: neurooncology (the study of tumors of the nervous system), neuro-traumatology (acute trauma of the nervous system and its residual effects), vascular pathology, and purulent inflammatory processes and their consequences, congenital diseases of the nervous system and other