Nicotine is an alkaloid found in the leaves of different types of tobacco.
Nicotine is a colourless, almost odourless, acute burning taste oily liquid strongly alkaline reaction. Well soluble in water, ether, chloroformand alcohol, the fatty oils. Air nicotine is oxidized, becoming brown colour with a characteristic tobacco smell. Its activity decreases. The effect of nicotine on the human body, usually associated with tobacco Smoking (see). Nicotine has a negative effect on all organs and systems of the person, causing first excitement, and then (in high doses) oppression. Especially harmful effect of nicotine is celebrated on the nervous, cardiovascular system, the organs of respiration, gastroenteric path and the organs of sense.
Chronic effects of nicotine on the body may appear nausea, headaches, dizziness, memory loss and disability, cough, dental caries, diarrhea, alternating with constipation, decrease of hearing and vision, perception of taste sensations, dulling the ability to distinguish odors, reduced sexual potency and other
Nicotine can cause diseases or deterioration of already available: vegetative neurosis, neuritis, of polyneuritis, radiculitis, endarteritis, hypertension, atherosclerosis, bronchitis, laryngitis, gastritis, ulcerative disease of the stomach and duodenum. Lethal dose of nicotine-Smoking man is 60 mg In one cigarette contains from 1 to 2 mg of nicotine. The addiction to nicotine is, but it does not eliminate its harmful effects.
Acute poisoning by nicotine noted burning in the mouth, in the area of the trachea and stomach, nausea, gipersalivacia, vomiting, diarrhea, cooling of the extremities, muscle weakness, shortness of breath, followed by the oppression of it, arterial blood pressure is increased, the first pupils are narrowed, then expanded. Sometimes there are disorders of vision, hearing, and convulsions.
Treatment of acute poisoning. When receiving nicotine inside: activated carbon washed stomach solution of potassium permanganate (1:1000), or 0.5% solution of tannin, saline laxative. Under the skin caffeine, camphor, atropine and other means of evidence. Artificial respiration. In the administration of nicotine while Smoking - clean air, substances (strong tea, coffee and other).