STD and surgery

The technological revolution has opened before medicine unprecedented capabilities in prevention, early diagnostics and treatment of diseases. Surgery is one of the most technically equipped branches of medicine - progress this is particularly rapid and beneficial.
Today do not seem fantastic device, able for some time to replace the function of the affected organ or correct his work. "Artificial kidney"apparatus "heart - lung" for extracorporeal circulation, fans for long-term artificial lung ventilation, implantable pacemakers heart, finally, implantable artificial heart to external drive became property of the clinic.
Increasingly began to infiltrate various kinds of dispensers in monitors, which not only give a signal about. the deviation of the body's functions from the given parameters, but you can correct them.
Modern diagnostic tools and devices of increased educational opportunities of the human senses, allowed to get inside the patient's body to see pathological changes and measure the density of pathological formations in parenchymatous organs.
For example, with the introduction of electron-optical converters and amplifiers x-ray image dramatically improved picture quality, expanded scope of application of x-ray methods in diagnostics of surgical diseases: these studies is not only to operations, but in the process it. Under the control of x-ray studies of precision surgical intervention is performed. Radiologists have learned contrast, almost all the cavities of the human body and. space between bodies, continuous tomographic observation, not only to study the anatomical changes of the organs, but also to determine the nature of their functional disorders. In recent years there appeared a new direction - endovascular intervention for the introduction of various drugs, dilatation of narrowed vessels and ducts, stop bleeding by embolization vessels.
The success of microelectronics, computing, automation has allowed to create new diagnostic devices. This device for optical-digital image processing, equipment for ultrasound echography, equipment for radionuclide studies, electronic apparatus for the study of the functions of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, bioelectrical activity of the brain to automatic processing of the information received.
The last 10 years were marked by the creation of computer and magnetic resonance tomography. Computer tomography, you can say, made a revolution in the diagnosis of brain diseases, well proven in the recognition of diseases of liver, pancreas, and other organs of the abdominal and thoracic cavity. I want to remind that the first in the history of anatomy image transverse slices of the body gave the great Russian surgeon and anatomist N. I. Pirogov in the middle of the last century. Then they concelebrated surgeons good service, as has allowed to study in detail the spatial relationship of the authorities. Now they are used routinely for comparison with images on a computer tomograph.
Rapid development in the last 10-15 years has received endoscopic examination and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, trachea, bronchi, biliary tract and other organs. Only thanks to timely made esophagogastroduodenoscopy or fibrocolonoscopy you can recognize initial form tumors (especially cancer) organs of the gastrointestinal tract, when clinical symptoms them yet. It seems that the importance of the recognition of cancer in its early, pre-clinical stage requires no proof.
Speaking about scientific and technical progress, we cannot dwell particularly on the role of the computer, Unfortunately, this is a great achievement of human thought relatively slowly being introduced in the medical business. Basically, the computer is used to process information on personnel, population, employment beds, financial condition or medical supply. This so-called automated control system "Hospital".
Modern doctor sometimes not able to assimilate and analyse information about the patient received during research, to make it comprehensive conclusions. Doctor, especially the young, need - "e consultant for information and useful advice in synthesizing data. The use of computers can protect doctors from many mistakes, will allow to interpret correctly the data on the patient, the results of laboratory and instrumental examinations.
Managed to create the program for detection of acute surgical diseases of abdominal cavity organs, mediastinum, diseases of stomach and duodenal ulcers, congenital heart defects (Institute of surgery named Century A. Vishnevsky AMS of the USSR), as well as to determine the prognosis of the disease, processing, data about cardiac surgery patients and Intensive monitoring (Institute of cardiovascular surgery of name A. N. Bakulev AS the USSR, the all-Union scientific centre of surgery AMI USSR and others).
Interesting results gave the effectiveness of the recognition of acute surgical conquests, which was attended by specialists from 11 cities. It turned out that on the basis of the data of a sick computer puts likely diagnosis is better than the young doctors who do not have sufficient experience.
A modern fleet of computers capable of ensuring a higher level of processing of medical information than the one that exists now. To do this, along with organizational arrangements need to improve and create new mathematical models,
Unfortunately, the introduction of mathematical knowledge in various areas of medicine not all causes enthusiasm. Some experts disapprovingly meet new technique, misunderstand the role of computers, it is Naive to believe that computers can replace the creative thought of a scientist, a doctor, to release him from the need to improve clinical reasoning and diagnostic skills. The physician should be first of all a good specialist, clear understanding, what he can expect from the computer, able to clearly put before the machine tasks. Computers are only able faster and better to solve them. As for the problem and determine the purpose of creative work, it remains for a person, possessing the necessary knowledge.