As told C. D.

In 1801, the Russian Empress received an unusual parcel: vaccine lymph sent Jenner. In a solemn atmosphere Professor of Moscow University, E. O. Mukhin made the first vaccine safety orphans from orphanage Anton Petrov. In honor of this event the boy was given another name - Vaccino.
Russia, like no other country had a mass opepreveria. She was in Europe shameful first place on number of cases of smallpox and mortality from this disease. But further orders, endless correspondence officials taking care of the tsarist government for the good of the people was not extended.
The matter was complicated by the fact that often smallpox was instilled with the help of the police. Fanatically religious people sucked content vaccinations, so as not to defile not to sin before God.
Clergy of all countries for many years taught distrust of scientific achievements and to the actions of the doctors themselves. In the villages it upbringing brought especially abundant fruit.
One of the medical journals in 1896 published an article about the work of doctor in the village. Its author remained unknown. He preferred to hide behind the initials "V. D.".
C. D. struck deep faith peasants in the irresistibility of fate. All the trouble nasylaet God, l people neither prevented nor weaken it can't. Moreover, human intervention is considered a sin - that they were taught the priests and the peasants believed deeply.
"Reconciliation with the blows of fate, " wrote C. D., - could not be more pernicious effect on the farmer during the appearance of epidemic diseases. He counteracts all the medical endeavors. If, and this time ill member of the family, the idea of death of the patient takes hold around almost from the first day".
One day the doctor came to the patient, who is a priest before this already prepared for death. The custom of the priest gave him a special bread, symbolizing the body of God. The doctor made the patient to swallow powder. He couldn't do and spat out the powder together with the sacred piece.
- What do you give such means that they defile the Holy gifts?1 - was booed by others.
Then resourceful medic hastily explained that no contamination has not happened, because people have two throat: one for medicines, another one for the Holy gifts. And believe him.
Peasants were hostile towards the pills and injections and vaccinations caused them to panic. To be disinfected, the doctor turned for help to the village authorities.
- And our grandfathers and fathers lived and was ill, ' said the peasant, " but such a shame not seen. Quite ispoganili hut. I'll have to ask the priest Yes to sprinkle Holy water.
Ignorance still inspired more confidence than knowledge.
Meanwhile in medicine was already open a new era. In the second half of the XIX century was born new science - Microbiology. Already over the first works of the French scientist Moons Pasteur proved that many diseases of plants, animals and humans caused smallest invisible microbes.
Finally, after so many centuries of waiting science has discovered the cause of the "hospital fever", hozyaynychaly in the wards are not worse than any of the epidemic, and offered reliable measures of struggle with it.
Already open was the leprosy Bacillus. Exciter "divine" disease has allocated Norwegian doctor V. Hansen. People know what caused the disease of job, one of the characters of the Bible, personified humility before God.
German scientist Robert Koch has allocated the tubercle Bacillus and Vibrio cholera. Researchers Yersin and Kitasato independently from each other have opened the plague pathogen.
1896. Russian scientist Dmitry I. Ivanovskaya laid the foundations of the new science of Virology, which is unthinkable without modern medicine. Our compatriot first penetrated into the unknown and unseen viruses, world of beings the size of a millionth of a millimeter. It turned out that they are the cause of influenza, measles, smallpox, rabies and other diseases.
...The earth was already running locomotives, sailed the seas ships. On top of world glory was Leo Tolstoy. First time I went in the theater of Chekhov's play "the Seagull".
Was the end of the XIX century - beginning of a genuine revolution in science. And only the walls of churches nothing changed. Remained the relation of religion and to medicine and to scientific search.