Observation

Observation of the medical surveillance of persons, temporarily isolated in connection with suspected infectious disease or in contact with their patients dangerous infection. The observation is carried out with the plague, cholera, smallpox; if necessary, applied and other infectious diseases.
Observation is often the element of quarantine measures against so-called conventional diseases (plague, cholera, smallpox, typhus and yellow fever) in accordance with the "Rules on sanitary protection of territory of the USSR".
The observation is carried out sanitary-epidemiological service in cases where the normal medical supervision without insulation to persons who were in contact with patients, is not enough. The duration of the observation is determined by the duration of the incubation period commencing on the date of last contact observeramong with the patient or out of focus, and is at a cabin for 6 days, cholera 5 days, smallpox 14 days.
Observeronly are under constant medical supervision with daily survey, examination, thermometry and necessary laboratory tests. If necessary, during the observation is carried out specific emergency prevention, immunizations. When observation is also envisaged processing observeronly vehicles, baggage and cargo (disinfection, disinsection and deratization). Cm. also, Quarantine, Karantinnaya.

Observation (from lat. observatio - observation - the system of measures to monitor isolated in a specially designed room persons traveling from disadvantaged by plague, cholera, smallpox settlement. In respect of other infectious diseases are limited to medical supervision without isolation of the people in the locality where there was a disease. People, for whom there is a medical surveillance, must attend a medical examination. Observeronly are under constant medical supervision.
The observation refers to the medical-sanitary measures, carried out for sanitary protection of territories (see). Sanitary-quarantine service establishes an observation in cases when it is impossible to be limited in respect of especially dangerous infections medical supervision. Acting can be conducted and other infectious diseases when medical surveillance not guarantee against the spread of infection (contact with infectious patients in daily life, in the way and so on).
The duration of the Acting is established for the duration of the incubation period (since the last contact with the patient or out of focus): if the plague is in 6 days, when cholera - for 5 days etc., the Extension of the term of O. healthy individuals, not in contact with the patients during their stay in the purpose of observation is not permitted.
Observation as a health measure is introduced in 1893 on the international sanitary conference in Dresden. Currently the Acting is established in accordance with "Regulations on sanitary protection of the borders of the USSR" from 1958 to In these rules are taken into account sanitary-epidemiological requirements stipulated in the international sanitary regulations.
System events when Acting includes full sanitary processing observeronly (washing, disinfection, disinsection by indications); accommodation in small groups, so that when new diseases prolongation of the Acting only applied to these groups; for observermail is established medical supervision with daily survey and temperature measurement at least three times a day. The last is especially important when Acting set about finding people in the village, where there were diseases of the pulmonary plague. In these cases, the ill becomes contagious since the onset of clinical symptoms (fever, cough). Up to this point, the infected person is not dangerous for the surrounding healthy people. In contact with a patient with pulmonary plague preferably be kept separate.
While the Acting is specific emergency prevention, in particular to prevent the development of disease in infected persons Simultaneously conduct necessary laboratory tests. When Acting on the occasion of people's location in the village, which took place cholera, conducted a study on the carriage of vibrios. In testimony during O. conduct vaccinations (primary or revaccination). This should also include disinfection of transport that brought people to O.
Since coming together, as a rule, are healthy people, it is necessary not only a medical examination, but also cultural service observeronly (radio, library, etc).
In the usual epidemiological practice O. available sanitary-epidemiological stations in specially allocated premises. Medical and service personnel for the Acting is allocated depending on the number observeronly and so that medical care were provided during the day and nights. Cm. also the Quarantine.