Consumer services of the population of elderly and senile age

Among the many issues arising from the aging of the population, a significant place is occupied by the problem of consumer services of the older population. Increasing sanitary needs of older people cause the necessity of organization of different types of institutions and special training of the personnel, capable to satisfy these requests. The whole complex of measures aimed at the satisfaction of the sanitary-household needs ultimately must ensure an old man with a sense of autonomy in the family and society, and to help maintain its public face, to eliminate the sense of physical and mental disabilities, alienation and isolation, to prevent further disability.
"The service at home" now finds widespread in many foreign countries. However, underlying all these progressive in character and content of the forms of the maintenance of old people in the capitalist countries lies primarily economic calculation, providing a minimal loss of funds for the maintenance and care of the elderly.
Of particular interest are found spreading in some foreign countries, such services as catering services and day centres. Group Lunches are practiced primarily as an aid to the impoverished population of older age. For cooking use of school food and facilities; more often dinners arrange on-site day care centres. Sometimes older people themselves are involved in the maintenance and drawing up of the menu. This category feeding are "dining club", where along with dinner entertainment.
The catering service called "meals on wheels" is designed for two categories of pensioners: able to prepare food, but requiring the delivery of semi-finished products, and deliver the finished food products. In the United States carried out the pilot program, including the services of transportation, tips on diet, storage and cooking, prosthodontic care.
Many gerontologists the best way of solving of a number of sanitary issues and release of elderly and old people from some household functions consider the organization of day centers where these people during the day, given food, are under the supervision of medical personnel, engaged in favorite business and, finally, communicate with each other. Daily centers and sometimes broader function through rehabilitation and vocational retraining. Such centers are available in Hungary, Poland, England and some other countries. Organization of day centres or groups brings indirect economic effect, freeing the working-age members of family care for the elderly.