Footwear industry

Footwear industry (occupational health). On modern highly mechanized Shoe factories, a number of production processes (cutting, grinding parts, sewing work etc) is accompanied by intensive mid-frequency noise over 90 and even 100 dB, high-frequency vibration and large muscle tension. The number of machines (for prishivki Welt, pristrozhki soles and other) to send the hands running low frequency vibration with large amplitudes. Cutting pads, grinding and other works are accompanied by a significant emission of dust. Some works on furnish of shoes air temperature shop in summer reaches at individual workplaces 34-38 degrees. Used in the production of chemical substances are released into the air of the shops in the form of vapor. The most harmful benzene (see), which is part of glues and nitropaints and causes no problems. In the air there can also be chlorine - with perchlorovinyl glue, chloroprene - when using naritaweg glue, vulcanizing gases when the rubber bottom of a Shoe. The shoemaker can meet dermatitis and eczema, neuritis and neurobiologie hand, vibration disease, hearing loss , and chronic intoxication benzene. Frequent pustular skin diseases on the soil micro traumas. Cardinal health measures is the replacement of less toxic benzene toluene and anklopfen presses for hot pressing of edges shoes. Operations involving organic emissions, is provided by local exhaust ventilation; sources of heat - insulation. Working in contact with benzene should be subject to initial and periodic to medical examinations.

As raw materials in the Shoe industry, in addition to natural leather, uses artificial materials: plantar rubber, plastics, synthetic fur, etc. To join parts of footwear apply various kinds of adhesive materials: solutions rubbers in organic solvents, latexes of synthetic rubber and synthetic resin. Modern technology factory-made shoes is characterized by mechanization, chemicalization and conveyor method of work organization. Physiological features of labour processes connected with fulfillment of monotonous, repetitive hand movements.
In case of an imperfection of the sanitary-technical devices in the air fall petrol fumes, acetates, acetone, chloroprene, ammonia, formaldehyde, carbon oxide, sulfur dioxide.
The hot vulcanization process is accompanied by the formation of a complex set of products of thermal-oxidative destruction of rubber compounds (pairs styrene, carbon oxide, sulphur dioxide and others), especially in the case of content of a pore-forming ingredients. Mechanical processing of leather and rubber accompanied by the emission of dust. Adverse factor is the contact of the skin of hands working with organic solvents, resins, rubbers. Many of the machines used in the Shoe industry, are sources of noise and vibration. Occupational diseases are dermatitis and eczema and neuro-muscular apparatus of the upper extremities.
Prophylaxis: addressing the most toxic solvents (benzene); shelter places allocation of vapours, gases and dust with equipment exhaust ventilation; the use of mechanisms and devices, eliminating the contact with irritants; preliminary and periodic medical examinations of persons in accordance with current legislation; health care workers with taking into account the predominant use in the Shoe industry for working women.