Hygiene clothing and footwear

Basic hygiene is of clothes and footwear is the protection of man from the adverse effects of meteorological factors, as well as from contamination and mechanical damage of the skin. At low ambient temperatures, high humidity, or the wind clothes reduces heat loss from the body and thus protects it from cooling. When the air temperature is high rational clothes, increasing the heat transfer, protects the body from overheating. Appropriate dress is required also in the production activity. A number of features has sports, military, hospital clothes.
Well describe the role of the service for human Faberge company, Erisman: "If the walls of your houses, made of permeable to air and has a high heat capacity of the material, can be called the first ring of fortifications made by the person against adverse effects: cold, wind, sun, etc., the second ring of protection is clothing, through which we surround ourselves with the atmospheric layer, the temperature of which is even higher and even less exposed to fluctuations than the temperature of the room air."
Regardless of the type of service it should create favorable paladiny microclimate. This is possible in case, if the fabric service meets certain requirements concerning heat conductivity, air permeability, hygroscopicity.
In the cold season, when clothes is designed to protect the body from cooling, the fabric should have a low thermal conductivity. At high ambient temperatures, particularly during physical work, this requirement is eliminated. The thermal conductivity of the service depends on the number of air contained in it (the air is a poor conductor of heat). Therefore, clothes made of soft and fluffy tissues retains heat better than clothes made of dense and smooth fabrics.
Breathability is an important property of the tissue, which determines the intensity of exchange between the outer and Pogodina air. Breathable fabric depends on its nature, structure, and depends largely on the size and number of pores. Clothes should be breathable for, ventilation pagodinho space.
In summer it is better to wear loose, from the materials with high permeability that allows good ventilation and rapid evaporation of sweat from the skin. Winter clothing should be well integrated, but not hinder movements, breathing and circulation.
The clothes should be dry, because the thermal conductivity of wet clothing increased, and the permeability decreases due to pore filling with water. The moisture evaporating from the surface of the fabric, contributes to the cooling of the body. Wool fabrics absorb more moisture than cotton, but because they have a large porosity, the majority remains free from water. In addition, the soaked cotton stick to the body that contributes to further cooling of the body.
Linen fabrics have to be hygroscopic (to absorb sweat) and possessing good air permeability. These requirements are well satisfied hosiery. When worn clothing contaminated both outside and inside. As a result of pollution service worsen its hygienic properties, and may contain pathogens. Therefore, the clothes should be cleared regularly.
Overclothes should be beaten out, brushing, vacuuming, from time to time to air. Hospital clothes must be disinfected.
Shoes protect the feet from mechanical damages, from adverse weather conditions. It should not impair blood circulation in the lower extremities and to prevent the evaporation of sweat, deform foot and interfere with the normal development of feet growing organism. Shoes should be soft, light, rugged, comfortable to wear, to meet the climate and season of the year, conditions of work, to promote the correct placement of the centre of gravity of the body and to facilitate walking on uneven ground. For this style of footwear should correspond to the natural shape and functions of the legs. Tight shoes contributes to cooling and freezing of the limbs.
In high-heel shoes, the centre of gravity is brought forward, and the emphasis falls on the fingers. Consequently gait becomes unsteady, trunk backwards, which is accompanied by changing the position of the spine and pelvic bones. With long-term wearing such shoes girls may pseudoarthrosis of the pelvic bones that may adversely affect the generic function.
For manufacture of footwear eat the skin of animals, artificial leather, tarpaulin, canvas and other materials. To protect the feet from cool shoes lay the hilt of hygiene, breathable materials with low thermal conductivity.
For a stay longer in the cold to protect feet from cooling, freezing, use the boots, Emami made of wool. However, these shoes pampers leg, and in wet weather get wet and may cause colds. It is better in the winter, wearing leather shoes with fur lining. In the summer, especially in warm climates, it is recommended outdoor shoes.
Wear it dermatitis caused by reasons mechanical order: failed design shoes, walking in the worn shoes, tight shoes, abnormality of structure of the foot, deformation of fingers. To predisposing factors include sweating skin of the feet, the permeability of shoes, irregular washing of the feet.
The main preventive measures against abrasions are foot care, proper selection of sizes of shoes. Treatment abrasions should start immediately after their discovery.