Deer - fighter snakes

The only task of knowledge, honorable in the middle ages, it was considered a reflection on the human soul and its relationship to God. "In any investigation, " said Tertullian, after the gospel there is no need".
Each medal has two sides: the banning of scientific research, experimental knowledge, the Church has opened a broad way of the most fantastic superstitions and prejudices. In this regard, the middle ages has set some kind of record.
One of the most popular works, which enjoyed a reputation as a favorite read and trusted school textbook, was the so-called "Physiologist". It is the brainchild of medieval wisdom was born in the II or III century and has protestowali in the minds of people nearly a thousand years. The author had not, composition repeatedly revised, supplemented, processed and was in circulation in Greek, Latin, Syriac, Armenian, old German, old French languages.
"Physiologist" there were three sources: oral histories, never tested, biblical stories as the main pivot of the narrative and the fragments of ancient mythology. This spiritual food of the middle ages and does not contain taste of true science, even though we are in the essay is about animals and plants, mentioned in the Bible.
On the pages of "Physiologist" has impressed you the most fantastic and grotesque images and information, which believed not hesitate. Here you can read about the lion, who ate vegetables, getting them out of the hand of the monk. The king of beasts died on the grave of his master - hegumen. The deer had the reputation of a fighter serpent, he voluntarily harnessed to a plow priest. The wolf pulled the stones for the building of the monastery, a Phoenix lived more than a thousand years, because it is not an example of Adam, not fond of the fruits of the tree of knowledge.
Satire, sirens, newts, winged, two-headed, one-eyed people were free roaming "Physiologist", performing the main task of the work is to impress readers and students supernatural, miraculous that comes though the omnipotence of God. This work is fostered and strengthened the faith in the biblical doctrine and the truth of its Ministers.
But even this mixture of theological teachings and ridiculous Zoological fantasy, according to the guardians of the faith, was not perfect. In the biography "Physiologist" is an episode. In the year 496 he suddenly got into the list of books banned by the Pope for some deviations from a protective line of the Church. But after a hundred years "Physiologist" was back in the book turnover.
The education of the people did not care about the Church, although it took the lead in organizing schools for the elite. They existed in monasteries and were at the time the only educational institutions.
What did they taught children? First of all Holy Scripture. The names of other disciplines remains from antiquity. Grammar, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music - these items lost its former importance. In the monastery school they helped to learn the Holy Scriptures. Grammar studied to understand the language of Church, with the help of arithmetic interpreted the alleged secrets of numbers, the basics of astronomy were limited to drawing the Church calendar.
Imagine a school room VIII-IX centuries, a teacher, asking questions on the curriculum, and student-a student who knows the answer "by heart".
- What is heaven?
- Rotating sphere, immeasurable vault.
- What is the Sun?
- The shining of the Universe, the glory of heaven, the beauty of nature, the distributor of watches.
- What is the Earth?
- The mother of the living, the life-binder, pojiratelei only.
- What is sea?
- The brave, land, hotel river, the source of the rain.
- What is life?
- The joy of happy, sad for accidents, waiting for death.
- What is a man?
- A slave of death, a passing traveller, a guest in his house.
- What is the body?
- The dwelling of the soul.
You can acknowledge an obvious imagery and questions and answers, but how they are far from accurate scientific knowledge and the desire to know the true essence of the phenomena of nature, based on experience, observation. And cramming and the whip, to not be distracted students on extraneous issues successfully "accelerated" rote memorization of course Sciences.
No, not educated in the monastery schools educated and curious people. The main duty of a Christian, as understood his Church was to be found elsewhere: to know nothing, but the opposite is true faith.