Saponification

Saponification is the splitting of ester education alcohol and salt (or organic acids). When saponification of fats, representing esters of higher fatty acids and glycerol, alkalis the formation of salts of fatty acids, called soap (hence the origin of the term "saponification"). Saponification is of great importance in biological metabolism (breakdown and digestion of fats), occurs under the action of enzymes-esterase.
Cm. also Soap.

Saponification - hydrolysis (the decomposition of water) of ester education alcohol and acid (or salt thereof):
The saponification reaction reverse the esterification reaction is the formation of ester of alcohol and acids. When Acting breaks the link between oxygen atom of air and carbon atom of carbonyl group. In industry are widely used O. natural fats alkalis at high temperatures, resulting in the formation of salts of high-molecular fatty acids - soap (hence the name of O.). Saponification of esters is of great importance in biological metabolism. It occurs under the action of enzymes - esterase; among them the most important are lipase catalyzing O. fats, lecithinase
and other