Operations on the organs of abdominal cavity

Operations on the organs of abdominal cavity produced about ulcers stomach and duodenal ulcer, cholecystitis, hernia, appendicitis, wounds of the abdomen and other
The preoperative period. In preparation for surgery on the abdominal cavity pay special attention to the training of the chest type of breathing, as after operation it is necessary to limit participation in breathing, the diaphragm and abdominal wall. With this purpose the patient exercises in rare deep breath as with forced exhalation, and with longer. During the exercises special exercises alternate with tonic and breathing. So, the operation of the liver and gall bladder, the patient is trained in bringing up the legs to the abdomen on the exhale, Contracting and relaxing the abdominal muscles. These exercises eliminate the stagnation of blood in the internal organs and stimulates bile production by the mechanical compression of the liver - "massage" her diaphragm. To increase mobility of the diaphragm, the best of bile outflow patient lying on your left side, minimizes and relaxes the muscles of the abdomen (using hands). The exercise of the different starting positions (lying on the back, on the right and left side, standing on all fours with high raised pelvis) stimulates the secretory and motor functions of stomach and intestines, improves circulation of blood in them and strengthens muscles.
Exercises that help eliminate phlegm, activate blood circulation in the distal parts of the limbs, increase of mobility of the diaphragm to contract and relax the abdominal muscles, you must perform independently under the supervision of an instructor 5-6 times a day.
Complexes of medical physical culture in the preoperative period vary depending on the age of the patient, the functional state of organs and systems, and so on
The postoperative period. In the absence of contraindications for studies begin immediately after the termination of General anesthesia. Pay attention to the infirm and the elderly, since they more often than others, there are various complications, mainly lung. They should be more frequent (8-10 times a day), but short (3-5 minutes).
Begin with breathing exercises followed painless asthmatics. The patient takes a breath maximum depth through the nose and, holding postoperative wound hands, exhale as several cough aftershocks. Instructor synchronously with them squeezes chest in the different departments.