Therapeutic exercise for the operations on the organs of the chest and abdominal cavity

During operations on the domestic authorities to access them, you have to open the chest or abdominal cavity. Such operations are called cavity. Some Ostrovskaya illness or injury to the internal organs require emergency surgery. In chronic diseases treatment is divided into pre-and postoperative periods.
In the preoperative period excitement associated with the pending operation, can cause the patient oppression CNS, and various disorders of the functions of internal organs. Decreased physical activity also reduces the functionality of the body. To this must be added that in some diseases are possible intoxication, violation of metabolism, trophism (for example, lung abscess), circulatory insufficiency.
Postoperative treatment period begins from the end of the operation. Due to surgical intervention in the organism occurs a number of serious changes. In Central decreases anxiety and mobility of nervous processes. Worse circulation (slowing the rate of blood flow, increased heart reduction, falling HELL, sometimes there are complications - vein thrombosis of the lower extremities) and breathing (it becomes superficial, racing up to the appearance of shortness of breath, sometimes uneven, the lungs are formed congestion).
During surgery on the abdominal cavity, and especially on the chest pain impulses from the reflexogenic zones of the heart, lungs, great vessels, and so on, break tormoznoj-excitatory processes in the Central nervous system, which leads to disorder of the Central regulation mechanisms of vital systems of the body. These disorders and introduced into the body drugs affect respiratory and cardiovascular centers, causing tachycardia, the stagnation of blood on the periphery, and (especially) in a small circle of blood circulation, promote the accumulation of secret in the tracheobronchial tree, the suppression kashlevogo reflex and so on, the Lack of deep breathing and coughing patients after surgery reduces pulmonary ventilation, causes hypoxemia (depletion of oxygen), and together with it and oxygen starvation of organs and systems (hypoxia).
Disturbed function of the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in nausea, constipation, flatulence, up to a full stop peristalsis of the bowel. Often there is a delay urination. Disturbed activity of endocrine glands and metabolism. The postoperative period is divided into the early postoperative period, which lasts until the stitches are removed, the late postoperative period - until the patient discharge from the hospital, the late postoperative period - up to rehabilitation of the patient.

  • Operations on the organs of the chest
  • Operations on the organs of abdominal cavity