Ophthalmology is the area of clinical medicine studying eyesight, normal and pathological state. The main task of ophthalmology is the development of methods of treatment of patients with diseases of the eye and prevention of eye diseases.

Pediatric ophthalmology belongs to the category of applied science and is designed to ensure protection of sight of children medical workers pediatric services regardless of their professional orientation. Grave mistake to characterize children's ophthalmology as narrow specialty. An alternative to this wrong view is the fact that the eye is one of the main parts of the optical-vegetative system (eye - pituitary - hypothalamic), which provides vital functions of the organism and its optimal adaptation to external conditions. In addition, remember that the eye pathology is in most cases an expression of common diseases (tuberculosis, diabetes, hypertension, diseases of the brain, kidneys and other). It is generally recognized that the state of vision and visual functions often possible not only to diagnose pathological process in various organs and systems, but also to prejudge the issues of treatment and prognosis. Therefore, the pediatric ophthalmology is essentially one of the most wide specialties. After all, a pediatric ophthalmologist needs to know the etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, treatment, and outcomes of almost all physical, infectious diseases, endocrine, neurologic and other diseases, and congenital pathology. Pediatric ophthalmology is a specialized field of medicine, section of it. In connection with this the role of this discipline in the volume and level of knowledge of each doctor and first of all obstetrician and pediatrician.
Knowledge of the state of the eye, its subsidiary unit normal in children of different ages, from newborns, and compared to data from research can provide early diagnostics of pathology of organ of vision. The pediatrician will be required to evaluate eyes and view each child and if deviations from the age norm (even not oriented diagnosis!) send it for examination by an ophthalmologist (a children's ophthalmologist).
In this section, medicine, there is no need to dwell on private peculiarities of the etiology and pathogenesis of the children's ocular pathology in connection with the fact that the pathology of other organs and systems is driven by the almost identical etiological factors and has similar mechanisms of development.
Given that the obstetrician and pediatrician obliged possible to correctly estimate the state of eye and vision every child, students need to master simple and accessible methods ophthalmic research. You cannot think that the study of the eye and vision - this is the case only of an ophthalmologist. Doctor of any profile, listening to the complaints of the child (his parents), inspecting the General condition of the body (heart rate, blood pressure, heart, lungs, liver, Central nervous system and other), should assess the condition of the eye and its accessory apparatus. Establish the diagnosis of ocular pathology, should render the first medical aid and immediately send the child to a children's (or General) ophthalmologist. Only such a question, and such actions obstetrician and pediatrician can provide a high level of protection of sight of children.
An indispensable condition of high knowledge should be a daily careful examination a student of the state of the organ of vision as a greater number of children and development of necessary practical skills. Only understanding of the inseparable connection of pediatric ophthalmology Pediatrics will give lasting positive results in the field of protection of children's health.