The definition. The criteria. The sources. Methods

Pages: 1 2 3 4

A true professional and relative ageing in its pure form, is more rare than their combination.
To estimate age limits professional performance on a specific object used data on age and professional structure of cards of accounting personnel or work books. Lump comparative study them in various sectors of the economy, the most rational to base on materials of the population census or periodic accounting working characterizing the distribution of the employed population by occupation and age. Using indicators variational data on the age structure of the employed, you can accept that:
1) modal (Mox), the most common age symbolizes the turn of the maximum capacity;
2) the persons included in the group ages ranging from lower boundary of working age (16 years) to Mox +1υ, form part of the workers with the necessary production capacity for work;
3) from the age of Mox +1υ (x1) to Mox +2υ (x2) formed the group of workers with low professional capacity;
4) x2 - "the limit on the age of the workers who meet not less than 95.5% of the sample composition, symbolizing the age of total loss of ability to work in this profession.
With the purpose of definition of "age limits of life" representatives of certain professions composition of the population with employment, combined with the composition of the pensioners in the same profession (people with disabilities of all ages, the old-age pensioners). A comparison of the age limit (x2 and X3) total members of professional groups allows some care to judge the degree of remote consequences of the influence of the nature and conditions on use of the biological potential of life. This caution was associated with a significantly greater effect of staff employed by the age structure of the total population than pensioners. The higher the degree of novelty of the profession and the resulting rejuvenation professional groups, the less reason to believe that the age limit of life reflects the influence of gravity, tension and working conditions. Furthermore, the current practice in the country of employment weakened people on easy and harmless work may also affect the rejuvenation of the total composition. Knowledge of the history of formation of professional groups, private physiology and hygiene of work can compensate for this deficiency by peer review.
A more accurate understanding of the boundaries of life of persons of different professions can be obtained according to the documentation about basic lifetime lesson dead. However, this source, as a rule, is absent, because the main occupation of the deceased is not registered because of the prevalence among them persons of retirement age. In 1968-1970, the country carried out a comprehensive in-depth study of the health of the population. On his program was studied mortality taking into account the primary occupation of the deceased. We have had the opportunity to analyze the mortality rate of the urban population of the Ukrainian SSR according to the sample registration of more than 50 000 deaths taking into account lessons and age. These data have managed to identify a reliable indicators age-adjusted mortality and borders life of representatives of 60 considerably enlarged organs CSO of the USSR professional groups. Data on the age of the deceased and retired pensioners allow along with the definition of the boundaries of living closer to the professional assessment of vulnerability in the conditions of modern production. To this end are age-adjusted mortality rates and in a disability of the working population, as well as indicators age-specific employment of pensioners of the profession. The ratio of these indices professional groups to the indicators total population helps to identify the presence or absence of communication age of performance and life with the peculiarities of the profession.
Study of age limits occupational health come close to revealing the peculiarities of formation and use of labor potential of the population's ageing.