The definition. The criteria. The sources. Methods

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The basis for valuation of labour potential of the country are the data about the age structure of the population 16 years and older, the level of age-specific employment and about operating in the country borders of working age. This assumes that each working according to his age will work at least until retirement age. The sum of years of potential upcoming period of labor activity of working age population of the relevant age-sex groups determines the theoretical labor potential to really formed of the population of working age. The actual employment potential can be higher than the theoretical, depending on the number of working persons under and over working age and below in connection with the diversion of persons of working age in the army, for study, education of children or disability and early retirement old-age. All this is reflected in the level of employment and age composition of the labour force. Valuation of labour potential of the country, taking into account these data allows us to more accurately predict the country's labour resources.
The labor potential of the population estimated by the value of the period of the forthcoming work, and its use - value of the actual medium of possible experience of the target population population in its maximum value. The calculation of the maximum of the average experience on the materials of the census of working age is assuming that all of the employed population is starting labour activity after reaching the bottom border of working age, i.e. from the age of 16. In addition, not taken into account interprofessional the migration of workers, as it finds a weak reflection in the age structure of the composition, which is the basis for determination of the related categories. Average length (IU years) is the result of subtracting the age of the beginning of working life (or bottom border of working period) from the appropriate for this group of workers of average age. Because of the initial value refer to the characteristics of secondary phenomena, indicators of using a labour potential should also be correlated with the average possible period of working life, which for men within the common borders of working age is 22 [(60-16)/2] , and for women 19.5 [(55-16)/2] years.
Exceeding the indicator of the professional experience of the group over the estimated average experience is considered as the full use of the labour force, while the lower figures indicate some degree of non-use. Of course, all assumptions apply only in the absence of information about the experience. But we believe that when working with materials of the census above calculation method completely meets the requirements of the comparative analysis.
All the indicators are calculated on the basis of the age structure of employees, are carriers not only hygienic information we are trying to get. Utilization of secondary possible working period is the basis for the economic evaluation of the current age limits professional performance. For this purpose you should know the cost of one day of absenteeism, training a new employee to the place tagirovna, but prematurely retired, and other expenses caused by an early termination of work by profession.
Set out socio-demographic approaches to the valuation of labour potential and its use in various spheres of labor elected because of the inapplicability of the existing and well-established methods for determining the length of the forthcoming working life to the analysis of the professions, as well as in connection with relative ease homogeneous source material for the characteristics of the different groups of workers, to assess its dynamics over time.