The definition. The criteria. The sources. Methods

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Modern gerontology, considering the communication challenges of ageing with the conditions and nature of work, enjoys a number of specific concepts, the wording of which reflects not only the essence of the phenomena, but also the views of the authors or: individual scientific schools. But in one view all the same: despite the fact that the average life expectancy is increased, the population is still ageing prematurely, without using genetically programmed limits of life.. this shame environmental conditions and largely working conditions. Purposeful work on ensuring the conditions of normal aging people associated with the difficult problem of understanding about what the environment is, what its combination of factors are optimal for many faces of humanity. After all, almost everyone has their potential biological program of life and adapt to the environment, which is influenced by the actual living conditions may be subject to certain changes. The potential decrease, respectively, the impact of the damaging effect. But this effect has an individual manifestations even in severe impacts. Often people that have adapted to conditions of work, fluent professional skill involved in their work, is professionally more productive than healthy peers, devoid of these qualities.
Many researchers, understanding the complexity of disclosure of the level of negative and positive action of environmental factors and individual reaction of organism to different people or one person in different age periods, abandoning the attempt to establish a link between ageing and specific environmental conditions. However, the concept of "premature" and "normal" ageing has firmly entered the lexicon and our consciousness.
A study of the relationship between the nature and speed of the ageing of the working group and factors of labor faces other challenges. They are defined in our time mobility of equipment, technology of production, working conditions and labour. Characteristic of past centuries stability of the profession and working conditions was replaced by the tendency to multiple change of place of work, employment and working conditions of the same generation of workers. This makes it difficult to assess the impact of working on this or that set of professional-production conditions. However, despite the above said, integrated assessment this regard can be obtained on the basis of socio-demographic analysis of the age composition of employees, reflecting the complexity of the previous demographic processes, changes in production, workload and working conditions. It is assumed that on the background of General socio-economic transformation specifics of production or activity will appear when compared to the respective indicators of age.
In conditions of a favorable combination of workload, mode and conditions of employment age composition of the working approaching normal structure: all ages from the initial work to retirement are represented proportionally. In this case it can be assumed that the load and working conditions contribute to the normal use of the labour force and there is a normal public work intensity that does not limit the biological potential of life. In these professional groups there are adequate and workers of retirement age and health indicators retired persons and limits of life higher than average.
Increasing the disparity between production factors functional capabilities of the organism increases the risk of premature pathological aging, increased morbidity and disability, increased staff turnover among starovynnyh workers. Such production and kinds of activities known as hygienically disadvantaged. The existing state system aimed at weakening the damaging effects of harmful factors, and compensation of the lost health.