Organization of cancer care

Cancer care is a complex of measures aimed at social and personal prevention of tumors, their early detection and development of the most effective methods of treatment. An important place is occupied by the study and analysis of statistical data on morbidity and mortality of the population from Acting Improving cancer care in whole or its separate parts is closely connected with the clear principles of the organization. In the USSR cancer care is carried out at state level, free of charge, covering all groups of the population. It allows for broad prevention of tumors, their identification, the full treatment, aftercare, for the sick and the restoration of its working capacity. To perform these tasks created a network of the regional, town and district oncological dispensaries (see), which is closely linked to the Oncology departments of hospitals and oncological clinics clinics.
In work on prevention and early diagnosis of tumors are actively involved doctors General medical institutions under the leadership of the Oncology clinics. Suspicious for cancer patients by the doctors after conducting the necessary studies are referred to the Oncology office or to the relevant specialists of the oncological dispensary.
The General medical network, under the leadership of oncological dispensaries conduct mass preventive examinations of the population for the detection of pre-cancerous lesions and cancer, paying special attention to the shops or enterprises where workers come into contact with carcinogens. Oncologists health centers to carry out clinical supervision for all cancer patients discharged after treatment from hospitals or completed radiation treatment as outpatients. Patients with advanced tumors admitted to a General hospital for palliative symptomatic treatment. Treatment of cancer patients spend in General hospitals and oncological dispensaries, the latter provide radiation or combined treatment, and special research methods (cytological, endoscopic, x-ray diagnostic complex). Many patients who need only surgical treatment, get help in surgical clinics and hospitals (for example, patients with OA of the stomach, colon, kidneys and other). Regional and city oncological dispensaries are guidelines special diagnostic, consultative and organizational-methodical institutions at the regional or city. They take part in the development of measures to identify and eliminate possible carcinogenic factors, occurring in the human environment, in the home. When the Main sanitary epidemiological Department of the USSR, a special Committee on carcinogenic agents studying the possible carcinogenic additive to food, air pollution, etc., This Committee develops activities for the prevention of actions harmful factors.
Organization of cancer care also provides for an exhaustive enumeration and analysis of morbidity and mortality from cancer in the region, a thorough and systematic study of the reasons for late diagnosis Acting with wide involvement of doctors, hospitals and Oncology centers, as well as the study of remote results of treatment of Acting in different locations. Finally, under the leadership of oncological dispensaries by the doctors ' network and houses health education activities for health education in the form of interviews of doctors and lectures for the public, demonstrations special movies, spend the evening of questions and answers, the distribution of popular literature and posters about cancer, in which the reported information about malignant tumors; however, attention is drawn to the early diagnosis, prevention and slickest Acting in the early stages. Anticancer propaganda is also carried out through the channels of mass media - radio, television, Newspapers and magazines. Leadership role in the solution of organizational-methodical, scientific, and medical diagnostic issues belongs cancer research institutions who are studying new methods of diagnosis of precancerous changes and Acting in different locations, developing and improving combined methods of treatment O., examine and analyse the incidence and mortality from cancer in inter-regional, Republican and all-Union scale, studying the effectiveness of treatment methods O. different locations.
This is the specialized state system of the oncological help to the USSR, which, based on cancer research and related institutions, ensure the provision of the population with public free quality cancer care on the basis of clinical methods and wide introduction of the newest achievements in the field of prevention, early detection and unified treatment methods O.
Cancer research institutions and institutions of roentgen radiology training-oncologists from different profile through the postgraduate residency. Improvement of doctors in the field of Oncology spend Oncology Department at the institutes of advanced training of doctors. Institutes of Oncology oversee the scientific work of oncological dispensaries and other medical institutions.
In 1954 organized all-Union scientific society of oncologists; offices of the company work in many large cities of the USSR. In all republics are inter-provincial or national conference with participation of oncological institutions. The all-Union society of oncologists organizes the all-Union congresses and conferences, and also a member of the International Union against cancer, uniting oncologists most countries of the world.
In the USSR published by specialized scientific journal "problems of Oncology".