The organization of psychiatric care

Mental health care in the USSR provides early detection of the mentally ill, systematic observation and timely treatment, as well as the implementation of a wide preventive work.
Treatment for the mentally ill are large Arsenal of drugs, occupational therapy (see) And psychotherapy (see). All these treatments are often used in complex, but depending on the form and stage of the disease leading the value of each type of treatment and the conditions of its conduct (inpatient and outpatient) are different.
The initial and very important link in this General system of psychiatric care to the population is a neurological dispensary. The principle of the regular medical service allows to approximate psychiatric assistance to the population and to treat many of the mentally ill in a familiar environment without isolation from the society (see the psychoneurological Dispensary). In conducting outpatient treatment and social and labor adaptation of the mentally ill important role is also played by day and night hospitals, medical-labor workshops, working in dispensaries and hospitals. Such organization outpatient psychiatric care is widespread in the USSR. It exists not only in cities, but also in several regional centers, where the hospitals of General type are neuropsychiatric studies, performing the function of dispensaries. With the help of psychopharmacological agents (see Psychopharmacology, Psychotropic drugs) it became possible to normalize partially or completely behavior mostly mentally ill, allowing increased indications for outpatient treatment and thereby significantly limited the direction of the hospital.
Another link in the system of psychiatric care to the population - psychiatric hospital (see Hospitals, specialized hospitals). Clinics and hospitals are working in close contact. To the hospital for treatment usually refer patients with acute symptoms of the disease and those that require special care and medical supervision. To stationgreat also recommended in cases where shown therapy, which can be carried out only in a hospital setting (separate kinds of biological therapy, psycho-pharmacological treatment with high doses of drugs).
Some mentally ill, although he did not dangerous actions, but due to the nature of his mental condition can be dangerous for themselves (because of the desire to commit suicide or to others. In these cases, the question of enforced stationary patients. Such patients referred for treatment to the hospital with the consent of their relatives by the voucher district psychiatrist. In the same order sent to hospitals in those patients who have shown inpatient treatment but who persistently refuse him in connection with non-critical assessment of his condition. The essential feature of modern trends of hospital treatment early as possible statement with the subsequent completion of the treatment of mentally ill in unsafe conditions, which helps them more likely to engage in life (to readattributes). In the system of psychiatric care are also nursing home for psychiatric patients, to children suffering from mental retardation, etc., In these houses are mentally ill, that the nature of the disease need mainly in special care and supervision.
In modern conditions the increased possibility of this type of psychiatric care to the sick, as a patronage - paid content in the families of patients with severe mental disorders. Thanks to constant medical observation and out-of-hospital treatment of the care in families and efforts to adapt these patients to life in society have become much more efficient than before.
Psychiatric assistance to children is by doctors-Psychoneurology working at General children's clinics. Hospital treatment is carried out in a special children's psychoneurological hospitals. In addition, for the treatment of children with light mental disorders, there is a network of specialized sanatorium and forest schools.
Psychiatric medical institutions in the USSR actively cooperate with General health - polyclinics, outpatient clinics, hospitals.