Physical therapy for diseases of digestion organs and disorders of metabolism

The works of I. P. Pavlov and his followers established that the processes of digestion in the body are regulated by the Central nervous system. Irregularities in the higher departments of a CNS adversely affect the motor and secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract. Diseases of the digestive system, in turn, can affect the functional state of the Central nervous system and cause disorders of metabolism.
In diseases of the digestive system disorders may occur, which are manifested in the reduction or perversion of the secretory function of digestive glands; in the disorder of the motor functions, ensuring the promotion of food through the digestive canal; in poor absorption of food; diarrhoeal disorders. Such violations are called functional diseases. To this group of diseases also include the omission of abdominal cavity organs, spasm privratnika, dyskinesia biliary tract.
In addition to functional produce organic disease. These include inflammation of mucous membranes of the digestive system (gastritis, stomach ulcer, colitis, liver and biliary tract (cirrhosis, hepatitis, cholecystitis) and malignant tumors.
Etiological factors of most diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are very diverse. Causes may include: disorders of the nervous regulation of digestion (neurogenic factor), the use of sharp or substandard food (nutritional factor), effects of alcohol, acids, alkalis and other chemicals (chemical factor), the effect of pathogenic microorganisms (infectious factor).
To metabolic disorders include such diseases that develop as a result of a disorder of the function of the endocrine glands, disturbances of carbohydrate, fat, or protein metabolism, malnutrition, intoxication and other reasons. Among these diseases, the most common obesity, diabetes, gout.