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Examination of the corpse on the spot detection

The grounds and procedure by the investigator of the examination of the scene is defined by the Criminal procedure code (articles 178 and 179 of the code of criminal procedure of the RSFSR and the relevant articles of the code of criminal procedure of the other Union republics). However, the investigator is entitled to invite for participation in the inspection of the respective specialist, which may be a doctor, specialist in forensic medicine. His participation in the external examination of the corpse on the spot detection directly established by the Criminal procedure code (article 180 of the code of criminal procedure of the RSFSR and the corresponding articles of the other Union republics), and the actions are regulated by the "Rules of work of the doctor-expert in the field of forensic medicine at external examination of the corpse to the place of its discovery (incident)" . As a specialist in forensic medicine to the examination of the corpse to the place of detection should be involved doctor, forensic expert, and at impossibility of his participation - other doctor (article 180 of the code of criminal procedure).
According to the "Rules", on a place of detection of a corpse specialist in forensic medicine reveals signs that allows to judge about the time of death, the nature and mechanism of occurrence of damage, and other data of importance for the investigation actions; advises the investigator during the examination of the corpse on the spot detection and subsequent forensic medical examination; provides the investigator aid in the detection of traces similar to the blood, semen and other highlight human hair, various substances, objects, tools and other objects; promotes their withdrawal; draws the attention of the investigator on all the features, relevant for the case; gives explanations about the performed actions.
Most often the place of detection of a corpse is also the place where came a violent death, or she followed in the circumstances connected with possible violence. However, after infliction of violence, not only serious, but deadly, the victim may some time be capable of active and Autonomous action, moving (running away, leaving polza), sometimes even at a considerable distance. It must be borne in mind that the corpse may be deliberately moved to other criminals to hide committed atrocities (burial in the ground, throwing into the water, and others) or may be a simulation of an accident (e.g., allegedly road or railway incident; the criminal division of the corpse of its parts, as a rule, find in different places).
When all these conditions may be necessary part of the doctor-expert in forensic medicine examination of the corpse to the place of its discovery.
At the scene, even when there is no corpse, it is necessary to make a thorough inspection. Its main objective is the identification and seizure of material evidence and various marks, evidence of the crime or on the measures taken for its concealment. At the scene can be found gun crime, traces of blood, hair and other biological objects, as well as evidence of burning, castrogiovanni, curettage, painting, pasting, etc., it is Necessary to organize the search of material evidence, where they could not be observed by the offender or not destroyed, for example in the cracks of the floor, under the baseboards, under heavy, not moving furniture, etc., Volume-site inspection is determined by the character of the investigated incidents such as occurred in a residential area, yard buildings, street, highway, railway, and so on
The examination of the scene refers to primary, urgent investigative actions and it is necessary to make as soon as possible after the beginning of the investigation. However, the investigation and practice of forensic examination show the feasibility of production of the examination of the scene even after the long after its emergence and re-examination of the scene.
During the examination of the scene and the body at the place of its discovery to distinguish stage static examination, when all the furniture and objects inspected and recorded in the unchanged position, and the stage of dynamic examination, in which the subject rationally move, individually visually examined, identified various (and below them) traces etc.
If upon arrival at the scene found the victim alive, you must take all measures to provide him necessary medical care. At the same time to ensure purposes of the investigation to fix the location of the victim, his pose, the objects located on it, near it, or under it, the state of the service, its damage and contamination, the presence of traces of blood and other secretions and liquids; in this function, the investigator requires the participation of a specialist in forensic medicine.